Rift over Raja in family: Kanimozhi
Kanimozhi is the daughter of the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu Karunanidhi and According to CBI, Kanimozhi was in regular touch with A Raja regarding .. All three dynasties had extensive trade relationships with Rome, Greece, Egypt, . The president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime. A Raja and Kanimozhi's have arrived at DMK president . within a couple of hours and deciding to challaenge the acquittal. .. the finance ministry and his own senior officials advice to opt for fair and transparent auctions. Now that Kanimozhi too seems to be involved in the 2G Scam, the city is buzzing with the 'Kanimozhi-Raja' love affair. It is an open secret that.
Trade flourished in commodities such as spices, ivory, pearls, beads, Chera traded extensively from Muziris on the west coast, Chola from Arikamedu and Puhar and Pandya through Korkai port. A Greco-Roman trade and travel document, the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea gives a description of the Tamil country, besides these three dynasties, the Sangam era Tamilakam was also divided into various provinces named nadu, meaning country 3.
Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is one of the biggest cultural, economic, according to the Indian census, it is the sixth-largest city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India.
The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, Chennai is among the most visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked 43rd most visited city in the world for yearthe Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India.
Chennai attracts 45 percent of tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. As such, it is termed Indias health capital, as a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. Chennai has the third-largest expatriate population in India at 35, in ,82, intourism guide publisher Lonely Planet named Chennai as one of the top ten cities in the world to visit in Chennai is ranked as a city in the Global Cities Index and was ranked the best city in India by India Today in the annual Indian city survey.
In Chennai was named the hottest city by the BBC, National Geographic ranked Chennais food as second best in the world, it was the only Indian city to feature in the list. Chennai was also named the ninth-best cosmopolitan city in the world by Lonely Planet, the Chennai Metropolitan Area is one of the largest city economies of India.
Chennai is nicknamed The Detroit of India, with more than one-third of Indias automobile industry being based in the city, in Januaryit was ranked third in terms of per capita GDP. The name Madras originated even before the British presence was established in India, the name Madras is said to have originated from a Portuguese phrase mae de Deus which means mother of god, due to Portuguese influence on the port city.
However, it is whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans. The British military mapmakers believed Madras was originally Mundir-raj or Mundiraj, Madras might have also been derived from the word Madhuras meaning juice of honey or sugarcane in Sanskrit.
The nativity of name Chennai, being of Telugu origin is clearly proved by the historians. The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a deed, dated 8 August 4. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.
Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed.
Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the midth century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the midth under British crown rule.
A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, inthe Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms inIndia became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country.
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations.
India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system.
‘Kanimozhi – Raja’ Affair gathers Steam
It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River.
The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B.
E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety 5. The Parliament is composed of the President of India and the houses and it is bicameral with two houses, the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
The President in his role as head of legislature has powers to summon. The president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and those elected or nominated to either house of Parliament are referred to as members of parliament. It was designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker, who were responsible for planning, the construction of buildings took six years and the opening ceremony was performed on 18 January by the then Governor-General of India, Irwin.
The Central hall consists of the chambers of Lok sabha, Rajya Sabha, surrounding these three chambers is the four storied circular structure providing accommodations for members and houses Parliamentary committees, offices and the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
A new Parliament building may replace the existing complex, the new building is being considered on account of the stability concerns regarding the current complex. A committee to suggest alternatives to the current building has been set up by the Ex, the present building, an year-old structure suffers from inadequacy of space to house members and their staff and is thought to suffer from structural issues.
The building also needs to be protected because of its heritage tag, the Indian Parliament consists of two houses called the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha with the President of India acting as their head. The President of India, the Head of state is a component of Parliament, the President of India is elected by the members of Parliament of India and the state legislatures and serves for a term of five years.
Lok Sabha or the house has members. It has a term of five years, Rajya Sabha or the upper house is a permanent body not subject to dissolution.
One third of the members every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is elected for a term of six years and its members are indirectly elected by members of legislative bodies of the states.
The Rajya Sabha can have a maximum of members and it currently has a sanctioned strength of members, of which are elected from States and Union Territories and 12 are nominated by the President. The number of members from a state depends on its population, the minimum age for a person to become a member of Rajya Sabha is 30 years 6. Thai Pongal is a festival which according to the Tamil calendar is normally celebrated from January 14 to January This corresponds to the last day of the Tamil month Maargazhi, Thai Pongal corresponds to Makara Sankranthi, the harvest festival celebrated throughout India.
The day marks the start of the suns six-month-long journey northwards and this also corresponds to the Indic solstice when the sun purportedly enters the 10th house of the Indian zodiac Makara or Capricorn. Thai Pongal is mainly celebrated to convey appreciation to the Sun God for a successful harvest, part of the celebration is the boiling of the first rice of the season consecrated to the Sun - the Surya Maangalyam.
The origins of the Thai Pongal festival may date to more than years ago, epigraphic evidence suggests the celebration of the Puthiyeedu during the Medieval Chola empire days. Puthiyeedu is believed to represent the first harvest of the year, Tamil people refer to Pongal as Tamizhar Thirunaal, the festival of Tamizhs. Thai Pongal, also referred to as Makara Sankranti, is referred to in the work of Hindu astrology.
Thai refers to the name of the month in the Tamil calendar. Pongal usually means festivity or celebration, more specifically Pongal is translated as boiling over or overflow, Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled with lentils that is ritually consumed on this day.
Symbolically, pongal signifies the gradual heating of the earth as the Sun travels northward toward the equinox and this day coincides with Makara Sankranthi which is celebrated throughout India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
Besides rice and milk the ingredients of this dish include cardamom, raisins, Green gram. Cooking is done in sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard, as the dish is dedicated to the Sun god, the cooking is done in a clay pot that is decorated with coloured patterns called kolam.
Pongal has two variants, one sweet and one savoury, the dish is served on banana leaves. The day preceding Pongal is called Bhogi, on this day people discard old belongings and celebrate new possessions. The disposal of worn-out items is similar to the traditions of Holika in North India, the people assemble at dawn in Tamil Nadu to light a bonfire in order to burn the discards.
Houses are cleaned, painted and decorated to give a festive look, the horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages 7. Nagercoil — Nagercoil is a town in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari District. The city is situated close to the tip of the Indian peninsula and it was briefly part of the erstwhile Travancore state, till almost a decade after Indias Independence from Britain in Init was merged with Tamil Nadu, in its earlier days, the town and its surroundings were known as Nanjilnadu.
Nagercoil holds a number of institutions, hospitals, offices and industries. It is also the hub of industrial and commercial activity in the district, the minerals ilmenite and monazite are mined there. The land is surrounded by hills and lush paddy fields.
Kanimozhi - WikiVisually
It is also known for different varieties of bananas, Nagercoil is a land of great traditional and cultural significance. Nagercoil derives its name from an old temple called the Nagaraja Temple. It has been an important temple for Hindus, for centuries and is also a tourist attraction, according to certain accounts, it may once have been a Jain temple as icons of the Tirthankaras Mahavira and Parshvanatha are found on the pillars of the temple.
Archaeological records also show Jain influences in ancient times, the modern history of the town is interwoven with the history of Travancore state. The modern town of Nagercoil grew around Kottar, now a locality within the municipal limits. The town came to prominence during and after the reign of Maharaja Marthanda Varma, the king of Travancore, although Travancore was considered by many to be a Hindu administration, the rulers generally showed religious tolerance, and were not hostile to European educators, missionaries and traders.
‘Kanimozhi – Raja’ Affair gathers Steam – Fashion Scandal
The British in India considered Travancore a model native state, at the time, Travancore was the most socially developed, and one of the most economically developed, states under the British Raj. The late Sir C. Ramaswami Iyer is still held in esteem in Nagercoil, for the many developmental projects he undertook in the then South Travancore. This was enacted in the Indian States Reorganisation Act, according to census, Nagercoil had a population ofwith a sex-ratio of 1, females for every 1, males, much above the national average of A total of 20, were under the age of six, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 4.
The average literacy of the city was Vellore has four zones which covers an area of It is also a centre for medical tourism in India. Vellore region is the top exporter of finished goods in the country.
The Government of India has released next round of smart cities project list, the Tamil Nadu state district Vellore also got the place into the list of 27 cities in the prestigious project. In Tamil, the word vel means spear that is seen as the weapon of Hindu god Murugan, as per Hindu legend, Murugan is seen as a tribal hunter who appeared in a lotus pond with his weapon to attack the enemies. Thus Vellore is seen as the place where Murugan appeared, as per another legend, the region was surrounded by Velan trees, resulting in the place to be called Vellore.
The recorded history of Vellore dates back to the ninth century, further inscriptions made before ninth century indicate the rule of Pallava kings, whose capital was Kanchipuram. The Chola Kings ruled over the region from toafter the rule of Cholas, it came under the Rashtrakutas, the later Cholas, Reddys and Vijayanagar kings. Radia tapes controversy The 2G spectrum financial scandal involved the alleged corrupt sale in of telecommunications bandwidth to selected organisations at prices that understated the real market value of the asset.
It is alleged that the sale should have been put under a transparent auction system. A first information report filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation CBI claims that the allocation was not done as per market prices. Inthe results of an investigation by retired judge Shivraj Patil, who was appointed by current telecom minister Kapil Sibalhas also found Raja to have been directly responsible for "procedural lapses" regarding the sale.
Chandolia, and Siddharth Behura, the former telecom secretary and placed in Tihar jail. Chandolia are heard in conversation with Niira Radia in the released Radia tapes.
- Rift over Raja in family: Kanimozhi
Delhi court on 21 December acquitted all accused, including former Telecom Minister A. He started a real estate firm called Green House Promoters, which had Raja's nephew Paramesh Kumar as joint managing director and Raja's brother A Kaliyaperumal and Raja's wife Parameswari as directors. Paramewari resigned the post on account of investigations. Batcha started another real estate firm in called Equaas Estates Pvt Ltd, which had Parameswari as a director.
The firm had a turn over of crores in two years, mainly attributed to the association of Raja. Batcha was put under the CBI scanner during the 2G spectrum case as they believed him to be the conduit for Raja. Police found a suicide note that read the reason as the excessive media coverage that maligned his image.