Crawling and Brain function
In particular, crawling and walking have unique effects on infants' Developing language in a developing body: The relationship between. Crawling and Brain function - When a baby is first born, their brain is 25 % of its three years of a child's life is very important for their brain development. that crawling has a paramount connection between the physical and. When a child begins crawling, this repetitious movement helps This skill set is used later in life for reading, writing and sports activities.
Six reasons why crawling is important
It makes sense that the ability to move affects how children see, think about and talk about their physical and social environments. Indeed, over recent years, it has become increasingly clear that cognitive development is more closely related to the development of gross motor skills, such as crawling or walking, and fine motor skills, such as grasping and manipulating objects, than many have previously considered.
- Crawling and Brain function
In fact, it has been suggested that rather than assessing motor and cognitive development separately, they should be viewed as two connected cogs within a large, complex system, each dependent on the other and working together to make small steps forward in development. It is therefore vital that more research investigates the relationship between motor and cognitive development, rather than focusing on these as separate parts. This will not only be important for understanding typical development, but could also help to explain the difficulties that some children face when the connections in the system are disrupted.
Early links Learning language is a very long process for infants. They have to go through a period of working out how to use their mouths to make sounds, such as blowing raspberries. Then comes the first word.
Finally, children are able to build sentences and, later, to hold conversations. Research has shown that before each of these language milestones, there is usually a change in motor actions.
In the few weeks before babbling starts, infants show a lot of arm movementssuch as banging, shaking or waving. Binocular vision is used when a child needs to copy something from a blackboard at school. Crawling is also a cross lateral movement that strengthens both the left and right side of the brain, allowing increased communication between the two sides of the brain and enhancing learning.
It all has to do with a reflex we are born with called the "symmetric tonic neck reflex" STNR.
This reflex helps us operate our upper and lower body independently. Usually this reflex is inhibited, or matures, between nine and twelve months. When a child gains independent control of his or her neck, arms and legs, the STNR is matured. This can be achieved through alternate hands and knees crawling for at least six months. When this reflex does not integrate, some of the symptoms are: Tendency to slump when sitting at a desk Difficulty keeping bottom in seat and feet on the floor when sitting at a desk Poor eye-hand coordination Difficulty copying from a blackboard while at a desk Difficulty with vertical tracking important for math equations Poor attention Clumsiness The book "Stopping ADHD" cites a study by Dr.
Early motor skills may affect language development
Miriam Bender that found that at least 75 percent of the learning-disabled people surveyed had an immature symmetric tonic neck reflex contributing to their disability.
Children will crawl when they are ready, but parents can make things more enticing. A nerve impulse originates in the motor cortex of the brain and sends signals to the opposite extremity.
The cross over occurs at the place called the corpus callosum, which effectively acts like a bridge that allows the two halves of the brain to communicate with one another.
This means that when the baby crawls, both halves of the brain must communicate and interchange information very quickly. The incredible significance of this cross crawl pattern and the capacity of the two hemisphere of the brain to talk to one another through the corpus callosum is that these same neurological routes or pathways, are the same ones that later in life will be used to perform more difficult tasks, such as walking, running, passing one object from one hand to the other, or even taking notes in a class while listening to the teacher and reading.
Why crawl? - MSU Extension
When the baby starts to crawl and support their own body weight, the body comes under the influence of gravity. The force of gravity is the only consistent force and sensation to which the body is exposed to and as such plays a significant role in the development of the vestibular and proprioceptive systems.
Furthermore, when crawling, the baby touches different surfaces and textures and this will develop touch and the sensibility of the palms and fingers, which is clearly important in the future to develop grasp and the ability to hold and manipulate small objects.
Vestibular development and fine motor skills are two systems will be of utmost importance in his future neurological and cognitive development. Another area where crawling is very important is in visual development. Crawling is key in developing interhemispheric brain activity and aids the development of skills that will allow the baby to interpret, learn and relate to their world and their surroundings.