Greek Mythology: Hades and Persephone | Brave New World
Persephone was the daughter of Demeter, the Goddess of nature. The myth of Hades and Persephone is one more myth of love and abduction in the Greek. As you know, Greek myths are crammed full of drama, and the story of Persephone, Demeter, and Hades is no different. Persephone is the beautiful daughter of. Because the myth of Hades and Persephone, sometimes referred to as to go to Olympus and ask Zeus for Persephone's hand in marriage.
Hades leaned over the side and scooped Persephone up, and before the girl could even scream, plunged back into the earth. Demeter quickly noticed her daughter was gone and searched frantically for help. Eventually she found a farmer who had witnessed all of it, and Demeter grew livid, vowing that the ground would never produce a stalk of wheat until Persephone was returned.
Down in the Underworld, Persephone was distraught. Hades was kind to her and showered her with gifts, but she missed her mother and the world above. Hades was saddened, but he was also patient. He treated her not as property, but as someone who could eventually become a friend. When Persephone suggested that another realm be made for the best mortal souls to go to, Hades made it for her. She was beginning to fall in love with him. Up until that point, Persephone had resisted eating anything offered to her—she knew that if she ate any food from the Underworld, she would be bound to it forever.
But that morning, Persephone was so hungry, she took the pomegranate and ate six of its seeds. Then abruptly, Hermes, the messenger of the Gods, appeared before her. His attention accordingly turned to his other sister Demeter and they came together.
The result of their union was a daughter named Persephone, who is sometimes also called Kore, the maiden. Hades and the Abduction of Persephone Persephone grew up into a beautiful young girl, and in time came to the attention of her Uncle Hades, King of the Underworld.
Desiring her as his bride, he approached his brother and Persephone's father, Zeus to ask for her hand in marriage. Zeus discreetly gave permission without consulting with Persephone's mother Demeter. The girl herself, meanwhile, was happily playing with her friends in a grassy meadow, picking the beautiful flowers that grew there.
Suddenly, the ground gaped open before Persephone and from that yawning chasm rushed Hades, King of the Dead in his chariot. Seizing the terrified girl, he plunged back with her under the earth and into darkness. Persephone cried out desperately for help, calling on her father, the King of the Gods himself to save her.
Zeus, however, had placed himself out of the way and was at one of his temples, receiving offerings from mortals. The only deities to witness her abduction were Helios the Sun God, who sees all, and the kindly Goddess Hekate who heard her cry out.
Realising that someone had taken her, Demeter tore the veil that covered her head, flung off her dark cloak and went flying like a bird over land and sea in search of her beloved daughter. For nine days Demeter wandered over the earth bearing a torch in each hand, searching and asking everyone she met whether god or mortal if they had seen her daughter.
All those she asked were either unable to tell her what had happened, or else unwilling for fear of the wrath of Hades. In all that time, Demeter did not refresh herself with ambrosia or nectar or wash her body with water. On the morning of the tenth day, Demeter was met by the Goddess Hekate.
Hekate confirmed that she had heard Persephone being abducted, but had not been able to see who it was who took her. Together the two Goddesses approached Helios the Sun God and stood before the horses of his chariot. Demeter asked Helios, if he had any regard for her, to tell her truthfully what he had witnessed, for he sees all things that happen on earth, below his soaring chariot. Helios responded to Demeter's request, and told her what he had seen.
He then counselled Demeter to come to terms with what had happened. Hades was not a bad match for her daughter, being ruler over all the dead and Demeter and Zeus' own brother.
With that, Helios called to his horses and they resumed their course across the sky. So far from taking Helios' advice, Demeter was overcome by grief at the loss of her daughter and by fury at Zeus for having connived at her abduction behind her back.
The Myth of Hades and Persephone
Shunning the company of the Gods, Demeter changed her form and entered the world of mortals. Demeter Mourning Persephone by Evelyn de Morgan, The Demophon element may be based on an earlier folk tale. In the cave of Amnisos Crete Enesidaon is related with the cult of Eileithyiathe goddess of childbirth. The "Two Queens" may be related with Demeter and Persephoneor their precursors, goddesses who were not associated with Poseidon in later periods.
Myth of Hades and Persephone
These myths seem to be connected with the first Greek-speaking people who came from the north during the Bronze age. Poseidon represents the river spirit of the underworld and he appears as a horse as it often happens in northern-European folklore. He pursues the mare-Demeter and she bears one daughter who obviously originally had the form or the shape of a mare too.
Demeter and Despoina were closely connected with springs and animals, related to Poseidon as a God of waters and especially with Artemisthe mistress of the animals and the goddess of, among others, the Hunt. Demeter as mare-goddess was pursued by Poseidon, and hid from him among the horses of King Onkiosbut could not conceal her divinity. In the form of a stallion, Poseidon caught and covered her.
Demeter was furious erinys at Poseidon's assault; in this furious form, she is known as Demeter Erinys. In ArcadiaDemeter's mare-form was worshiped into historical times. Her xoanon of Phigaleia shows how the local cult interpreted her: Elaios, is about 30 stades from Phigaleiaand has a cave sacred to Demeter Melaine ["Black"] The image was made in the following fashion: She had the head and hair of a horse, and serpents and other beasts grew out of her head.
Her chiton reached right to her feet, and she held a dolphin in one hand, a dove in the other. Why they made the xoanon like this should be clear to any intelligent man who is versed in tradition. They say they named her Black because the goddess wore black clothing. However, they cannot remember who made this xoanon or how it caught fire; but when it was destroyed the Phigalians gave no new image to the goddess and largely neglected her festivals and sacrifices, until finally barrenness fell upon the land.
Titles and functions[ edit ] Demeter, enthroned and extending her hand in a benediction toward the kneeling Metaneirawho offers the triune wheat c. She was the "Corn-Mother" who blesses the harvesters. Some cults interpreted her as "Mother-Earth".