Cinema of Germany - Wikipedia
However, even with my own partiality, the importance of the actor/director relationship cannot be denied. It is a crucial element in filmmaking. The film industry in Germany can be traced back to the late 19th century. German cinema made .. Some 1, directors, producers, actors and other film professionals .. However, the availability of a back catalogue of films on video also allowed for a different relationship between the viewer and an individual film , while. Klaus Kinski was a German actor. He appeared in more than films, and was a leading role . Kinski's work with director Werner Herzog brought him international recognition. In his film, Herzog showed lighter and humorous aspects of Kinski's personality, although he describes difficulties in their working relationship.
Fromhe directed twenty-six shows. On 3 Augusthe wed a Hungarian woman, Marion Mill. The couple married only thirty minutes after her divorce from her first husband had been finalized.
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- How common are actor-directors?
In Aprilas Preminger was rehearsing a boulevard farce, The King with an Umbrella, he received a summons from American film producer Joseph Schenck to a five o'clock meeting at the Imperial Hotel.
Schenck and partner, Darryl F. Zanuckco-founders of Twentieth Century-Foxwere on the lookout for new talent. Within a half-hour of meeting Schenck, Preminger accepted an invitation to work for Fox in Los Angeles. Preminger worked efficiently, completing the film well within the budget and well before the scheduled shooting deadline. The film opened to tepid notices in November Zanuck gave Preminger the task of directing another B-picture screwball comedy film Danger — Love at Work.
Simone Simon was cast but later fired by Zanuck and replaced with Ann Sothern.
The premise was that eight members of an eccentric, wealthy family have inherited their grandfather's land, and the protagonist is a lawyer tasked with persuading the family to hand the land over to a corporation that believes there is oil on the property.
One of the female members of the wealthy family provides the romantic interest. Zanuck himself had adapted the Robert Louis Stevenson novel. After reading Zanuck's script, Preminger knew he was in trouble since he would be a foreign director directing in a foreign setting. During the shooting of Kidnapped, while screening footage of the film with Zanuck, the studio head accused Preminger of making changes in a scene; in particular, one with child actor Freddie Bartholomew and a dog.
Preminger, composed at first, explained, claiming he shot the scene exactly as written.
The confrontation escalated and ended with Preminger exiting the office and slamming the door. Days later, the lock to Preminger's office was changed, and his name was removed from the door. Later, a representative of Zanuck offered Preminger a buyout deal which he rejected: Preminger wanted to be paid for the remaining eleven months of his two-year contract.
He searched for work at other studios, but received no offers — only two years after his arrival in Hollywood, he was unemployed in the film industry.
Otto Preminger - Wikipedia
He returned to New York, and began to re-focus on the stage. Preminger was offered a teaching position at the Yale School of Drama and began commuting twice a week to Connecticut to lecture on directing and acting. Preminger took full measure of the temporary studio czar, and accepted.
He completed production on schedule, although with a slightly increased budget, by November Critics were dismissive upon the film's release the following February, noting the bad timing of the release, coinciding with the war. Before production would begin on Laura, Preminger was given the green light to produce and direct Army Wives, another B-picture morale booster for a country at war. Its focus was on showing the sacrifices made by women as they send their husbands off to the front.
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February Learn how and when to remove this template message Zanuck returned from the armed services with his grudge against Preminger intact. Preminger was not granted permission to direct Laura, only to serve as producer. Rouben Mamoulian was selected to direct.
Mamoulian began ignoring Preminger and started to rewrite the script. Although Preminger had no complaints about the casting of the relatively unknown Gene Tierney and Dana Andrewshe balked at their choice for the film's villain, Waldo, actor Laird Cregar.
Preminger explained to Zanuck that audiences would immediately identify Cregar as a villain, especially after Cregar's role as Jack the Ripper in The Lodger. Preminger wanted stage actor Clifton Webb to play Waldo and persuaded his boss to give Webb a screen test.
Webb was cast and Mamoulian was fired for creative differences. After Preminger took over, the film continued shooting well into late June. When released, the film was an instant hit with audiences and critics alike, earning Preminger his first Academy Award nomination for direction. This section does not cite any sources. February Learn how and when to remove this template message Preminger expected acclaim for Laura would promote him to work on better pictures, but his professional fate was in the hands of Zanuck, who had Preminger take over for the ailing Ernst Lubitsch on A Royal Scandal, a remake of Lubitsch's own silent Forbidden Paradisestarring Pola Negri as Catherine the Great.
Before he suffered a heart attack, Lubitsch had spent months in preparation, and had already cast the film.
Preminger cast Tallulah Bankheadwhom he had known since when he was directing on Broadway. Bankhead learned that Preminger's family would be barred from emigrating to the U. He did, which earned Bankhead Preminger's loyalty. Thus when Lubitsch wanted to make the film into a vehicle for Greta GarboPreminger, although he would have been eager to direct the film that brought Garbo out of retirement, refused to betray Bankhead.
They became good friends and got along well during filming. The film received generally lackluster reviews as the Ruritanian romance genre had become outdated, and it failed to earn back any gross revenue. In Fallen Angel, a con man and womanizer ends up by chance in a small California town, where he romances a sultry waitress and a well-to-do spinster. When the waitress is found killed, the drifter, played by Dana Andrewsbecomes the prime suspect.
Linda Darnell played the doomed waitress. Centennial SummerPreminger's next film, would be his first shot entirely in color. Preminger had read the book and disliked it immensely. Preminger had another bestseller aimed at a female audience in mind, Daisy Kenyon. Zanuck pledged that if Preminger did Forever Amber first, he could go to town with Daisy Kenyon afterwards. Forever Amber had already been shooting for nearly six weeks when Preminger replaced director John Stahl.
Zanuck was convinced that whoever played Amber would become a big star, and he wanted that woman to be one of the studio's own. Zanuck had bought the book because he believed its scandalous reputation promised big box-office returns, and was not surprised when the Catholic Legion of Decency condemned the film for glamorizing a promiscuous heroine who has a child out of wedlockand successfully lobbied 20th Century Fox to make changes to the film. Forever Amber opened to big business in Octoberand garnered decent reviews.
Using this tougher criterion, we discover that Are more actors moving into directing or are directors moving into acting? There are two ways we could determine this — focusing either on which role they have a greater number of credits for, or looking at which came first in their careers.
The former is clearly a director who has appeared in films whereas the latter is an actor who occasionally directs. As you can see below, a third of directors that have received acting credits have received the exact same number of directing credits. A large proportion of these people have directed and starred in just one or two movies, but a few are people who seem to take on the two roles simultaneously, such as James Gunn, who has five apiece.
These are people such as Morgan Freeman who has 55 acting credits and one directing credit, meaning that his ratio is A further fifth earned their first directing credit before their first acting credit. So these two approaches lead me to conclude that the actor-director hybrid is more commonly created when an actor becomes a director than when a director decides to come out from behind the camera.
As a reminder, this research looks at movies, not TV shows, short films, TV movies or any other such media. That means that I was only looking at directors of movies who also had movie acting credits. For example, acting gigs are easier to get and quicker to complete than directing gigs, so it would be easier for someone to rack up acting credits than directing credits.