Henry VIII and his mother, Queen Elizabeth of York – Royal Central
On this day in , the original Tudor king, Henry VII, took a Yorkist bride - uniting the two conflicting families of the Wars of the Roses - the. Henry VII & Elizabeth of York: A Faithful Love of the time Henry VII and Elizabeth of York had an affectionate and loving marriage. survive in one of them she calls Henry her, “most serene lord, the king, our husband. Her devout faith led her to see her marriage as God's will, and she We know that Henry and Elizabeth called upon God for comfort and grace.
There, the Yorkist Edward would have reconciled with the Lancastrian Henry and the possibility of marriage between Elizabeth and Henry was considered as a means to unite the warring houses.
The possibility came to nothing, however, when Elizabeth was then betrothed to the Dauphin of France, a betrothal which was broken by the other party in If Edward planned to revisit the idea of marrying her to Henry Tudor he never got the chance, as within a year he was dead and Elizabeth was taken into sanctuary by her mother.
Portraits of the two are rare and unfortunately, there is no portrait of the two together Henry pledged himself to marry Elizabeth on Christmas day of and shortly afterwards made a failed attempt to invade England. Henry was crowned before his marriage and there was some delay before he actually honoured his promise to wed Elizabeth.
The Romance of Henry Tudor and Elizabeth of York
During this time she was lodged with his mother, Margaret Beaufort, and so she would almost certainly have seen her betrothed frequently. Also necessary was papal dispensation to account for the blood relations between the two and two days after the dispensation arrived Henry and Elizabeth were married at Westminster Abbey. There is some dispute over when Elizabeth fell pregnant. Their first child, Arthur, was born on the 20th Septemberalmost eight months to the day of their wedding.
Elizabeth might have been pregnant at the time of her wedding, or Arthur might have been premature as some of his siblings would later be.Elizabeth of York and Henry Tudor get married - "The White Princess"
Either way, it showed that Elizabeth had fallen pregnant quickly, a promising omen for a Queen. They were never very far from each other, the exception being when Henry put down a rebellion while Elizabeth was having Arthur. Elsewhere there is an affectionate account of a disagreement between the two where Henry asked that he might have copies of letters from Catherine of Aragon and her parents, to which Elizabeth refused, claiming that one copy was for their son Arthur and she was quite happy keeping the other copy to herself.
Perhaps it was because of the loving example set to them by their parents that the surviving Tudor children would take a relatively novel approach to marriage, with all three of them defying protocol to marry for love at various points. I mentioned that Elizabeth lived with Margaret before her marriage and the two would continue to be in close quarters probably out of necessity rather than affection.
Beforehand his privy purse records show that he was generous with gifts to his wife, at one point purchasing a lion for her amusement. It has also been suggested that he kept Elizabeth impoverished and that she had to continually mend her gowns, but again his expenses suggest otherwise.
She did indeed retain a tailor to mend her dresses, but he also gifted her new ones. When she found herself in debt owing to her generous and charitable nature rather than excessive spending habits he, of course, paid them, and it should probably be noted that for a king who was so concerned with pageantry to establish the legitimacy of his dynasty, to keep his queen in rags and poverty would have been quite damaging.
Arthur had recently been married to Catherine of Aragon to cement Anglo-Spanish relations, something which would clearly be affected by his loss. Then there was the fact that Henry only had one other son, Henry, who was at the time just ten years old and had in no way been prepared for the possibility of kingship.
The exchange shows just that. After she had returned to her chambers and broken down herself, Henry comes to her and comforts her in much the same way.
After that she was come and saw the King her lord, and that natural and painful sorrow, as I have heard say, she, with full great and constant comfortable words besought his Grace that he would first after God remember the weal of his own noble person, the comfort of his realm, and of her.
She then said, that my lady, his mother, had never no more children but him only, and that God by his grace had ever preserved him, and brought him where that he was. Over that, how that God had left him yet a fair prince, two fair princesses ; and that God is where he was, and we are both young enough ; and that the prudence and wisdom of his Grace sprung over all Christendom, so that it should please him to take this according thereunto. Other more sinister, purely fictional interpretations abound.
To accuse Richard III of defiling his own niece or Henry Tudor of raping his betrothed needs to be considered only with the contempt it deserves. Henry Tudor was victorious at Bosworth on the 22nd of August One of the most important issues to deal with was Titulus Regius, the act passed by Richard III that declared the marriage of Elizabeth Woodville and Edward IV as illegal and their children illegitimate. By now, the couple, who had probably never met before, were getting to know each other in the relative privacy of Coldharbour.
Henry was also busy acquiring the necessary Papal dispensations, for the couple were related by blood in the double fourth degree of consanguinity 3. Three dispensations would be issued in total.
The first dispensation had been issued sometime before March ofwhen Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret Beaufort had first arranged the marriage in rebellion against King Richard III. Henry went about applying for a second dispensation after he took the throne, which arrived on the 16th of January The couple were married a mere two days after the dispensation arrived, which makes it obvious the dispensation was the main cause of delay. The third and final dispensation would not arrive until March 2nd, by which time the couple were wedded and bedded and Elizabeth pregnant.
Henry was determined to make the marriage indisputable, and the third dispensation removed the impediment of a possible fourth degree of affinity, relation through marriage 4. Henry would take no such chances. So is a five-month gap really such a long period of time? Henry had rather a lot to do after he defeated King Richard III, he hardly had time to rest on his laurels.
Peace had to be established, he had to be crowned and hold his first parliament, restore his wife to her rightful position and take the time to get to know her while they were waiting for the Papal dispensation to arrive. Fictional representations of Margaret show an unhealthy and obsessive love for her son in which she rivals her daughter-in-law for his affections. The most recent depiction of Margaret on television is maniacal, fanatical and outrageously sexist, for how better to denigrate a female than showing her as a hysterical woman constantly on the verge of tears, when not of course being devious and underhanded?
Henry and Margaret certainly were close. Margaret would never give birth to another child and was parted from Henry for most of his young life. Their affection for each other when they were finally reunited is plain in the surviving records of gifts and letters.
Henry honoured his mother, she was the greatest landowner in the kingdom only after the King and Queen, declaring her femme sole, which gave her complete control over her own wealth. Cecily even revised her coat of arms to include the royal arms of England, hinting that her husband, Richard Duke of York, had been a rightful king and that she was effectively Queen Dowager.
Both were afforded semi-regal status by their sons. Many observations have been made of Margaret Beaufort appearing in similar attire to her daughter-in-law the Queen, taking precedence just a step behind her. Cecily is depicted in royal robes, placed immediately behind the queen. Margaret had been negotiating with Edward IV to bring Henry out of exile for years and was Edward was perhaps considering marrying Henry to one of his daughters to reign him in, he was after all the Lancastrian heir and still a threat.
A draft of pardon undated from Edward IV to Henry Tudor is written on the back of the patent of creation of Edmund Tudor as Earl of Richmond on 23 November suggest he may have been considering granting him his former title again.
That Margaret was commanding and imperious cannot be denied, but then nor can her affection for both her son and daughter-in-law.
Henry VIII and his mother, Queen Elizabeth of York
There is no evidence Henry favoured his mother over his wife. The Queen, as is generally the case, does not like it. There are other persons who have much influence in the government, as, for instance, the Lord Privy Seal, the Bishop of Durham, the Chamberlain, and many others. It would be a good thing to write often to her, and to show her a little love. Publicly the two women put on a united front and collaborated on many projects together.
It is unlikely that the Queen would let her frustration at her mother-in-law show in front of strangers. It was Margaret who looked after Elizabeth in the aftermath of Bosworth, newly renovating her rooms to keep her comfortable and allowing her the privacy to get to know her future husband.
It was Margaret to whom Elizabeth turned when she was anxious about her daughter being sent to Scotland. Margaret had, after all, also experienced a dangerous childbirth at a tender age. They say if the marriage were concluded we should be obliged to send the Princess directly to Scotland, in which case they fear the King of Scots would not wait, but injure her, and endanger her health. Henry always opened his purse when it came to spending money on his family, that a King who was so concerned with keeping a regal appearance would keep his Queen in rags beggars belief.