Tom Sawyer is the main character in the book The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn is the main character in the book The Adventures of Huckleberry. are a frequent theme in Mark Twain's classic" Adventures of Huckleberry Finn". which “[help] define [Twain's] abiding ambivalence toward the family” (). Tom Sawyer - Huck's friend, and the protagonist of Tom Sawyer, the novel to which Huckleberry Finn is ostensibly the sequel. In Huckleberry Finn, Tom serves .
Characterization[ edit ] Huckleberry "Huck" Finn is the son of the town's vagrant drunkard, "Pap" Finn. Sleeping on doorsteps when the weather is fair, in empty hogsheads during storms, and living off of what he receives from others, Huck lives the life of a destitute vagabond. The author metaphorically names him "the juvenile pariah of the village" and describes Huck as "idle, and lawless, and vulgar, and bad", qualities for which he was admired by all the children in the village, although their mothers "cordially hated and dreaded" him.
Huck is an archetypal innocent, able to discover the "right" thing to do despite the prevailing theology and prejudiced mentality of the South of that era. The best example of this is his decision to help Jim escape slavery, even though he believes he will go to hell for it see Christian views on slavery.
Huck Finn (Relationships) by kailee walsh on Prezi
His favorite words is "bully" and "ornery". His appearance is described in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He wears the clothes of full-grown men which he probably received as charity, and as Twain describes him, "he was fluttering with rags. Even Tom Sawyer, the St. Petersburg hamlet boys' leader sees him as "the banished Romantic".
Tom's Aunt Polly calls Huck a "poor motherless thing. Huck has a carefree life free from societal norms or rules, stealing watermelons and chickens and "borrowing" boats and cigars. Due to his unconventional childhood, Huck has received almost no education. At the end of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Huck is adopted by the Widow Douglas, who sends him to school in return for his saving her life.
In the course of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn he learns enough to be literate and even reads books for entertainment when there isn't anything else to do. His knowledge of history as related to Jim is wildly inaccurate, but it is not specified if he is being wrong on purpose as a joke on Jim.
Huckleberry Finn - Wikipedia
Huck's father takes him from her, but Huck manages to fake his own death and escape to Jackson's Island, where he coincidentally meets up with Jim, a slave who was owned by the Widow Douglas' sister, Miss Watson. Jim is running away because he overheard Miss Watson planning to "sell him South" for eight hundred dollars.
Jim wants to escape to Cairo, Illinois, where he can find work to eventually buy his family's freedom. Huck and Jim take a raft down the Mississippi Riverplanning to head north on the Ohio River, in hopes of finding freedom from slavery for Jim and freedom from Pap for Huck. Their adventures together, along with Huck's solo adventures, comprise the core of the book.
In the end, however, Jim gains his freedom through Miss Watson's death, as she freed him in her will. Pap, it is revealed, has died in Huck's absence, and although he could safely return to St. Mark Twain was greatly influenced by the culture around him, and these aforementioned aspects of Gilded Age society and family structure are perceptible in the various families depicted in Huck Finn.
The mounting unruliness and independence of children in that era are clearly replicated in Huck as he narrates his adventures, and from the very beginning his strong-willed, self-reliant nature emerges vividly. His beliefs and ideals regarding the family were heavily swayed by his personal family life and the contrasting family structures in the society around him. Due to the stable, positive family relationships in his own life, Twain appears to have acquired high standards and principles for what a model family would look like and subtly promotes these standards in Huck Finn.
His model family would manifest a strong, stable structure with responsible, caring parents and affectionate relationships, and would uphold such values as loyalty, responsibility, honesty, courage, and sacrifice. Throughout the narrative, Twain introduces readers to numerous family conditions that indicate not only the necessary features of an ideal family but also his disapproval of the mainstream family of his day.
Indeed, at almost every location at which Huck encounters a family group, he discovers an abundance of broken or strained relationships and loves his own independent, carefree life too much to remain within the rigid domestic structure.
Another major family unit Huck is involved in is his only remaining family member, Pap. That family, though intact as far as relationships, is strikingly dysfunctional and its members are controlled by violence and the fear of imminent ambush and annihilation by the opposing family.
Shulman puts it aptly: However, their relationships are far from ideal.
In contrast to the many fragmented, discordant families in Huck Finn, the only family groups which successfully fulfill the ideal pattern and structure maintained by Twain are that of the Phelps family and Huck and Jim. The Phelpses possess stability and contentment, leading to a strong foundation and freedom from any major interpersonal disputes.
Huck struggles several times with his conscience as he chooses between his duty as a Southerner to turn Jim in and his sympathy toward Jim as a fellow human being.
Long before Huck makes this choice, however, Jim has already demonstrated love and sacrifice toward Huck, even to the point of forfeiting his hard-earned liberty.
Jim functions as an antitype to Pap; he is the loving, caring father figure that Huck has never had before.