Rhetoric, Perspectives, and Reactions of the Soviet Union to US-China Relations
When historians discuss U.S.-Soviet relations, they tend to place a special emphasis on the personal relationships formed between the leaders. As the Watergate scandal enveloped President Nixon, he was buoyed from Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, according to newly released State Department documents. Delish · Quotes · White Pages · Games · Real Estate · Wonderwall The relationship between Washington and Moscow went on hold. Nixon and Brezhnev met one-on-one (with just translator Viktor Sukhodrev) Nixon tells Brezhnev that their relationship is the "key" that could.
The American and Soviet flags flew side by side. The rooms were prepared to host dozens. The Nixons hosted a small dinner that evening in their dining room, with ample space for only ten people. Brezhnev, to your children and our children and all the children of the world who, we trust, will have a happier and more peaceful future because of what we have done. Here were the two most powerful men in the world, enveloping themselves in a display of genuine affection. Word came to the President that evening while in his pajamas that the Russians wanted to talk.
I would like to bid you a personal farewell. Brezhnev and I have for you and President Nixon. Syria and Egypt jointly attacked Israel during its holiest of days, Yom Kippur, seizing miles of land.
The Americans backed Israel; the Soviets, Syria and Egypt, via an airlift supplying tons of weapons and materials daily.
After some initial harsh correspondence, a letter from Brezhnev arrived in which he suggested that both sides do their utmost to keep the events from taking a more dangerous turn.
During the dark and difficult days of Watergate, as the frenzy consumed the media and much public attention in the U. This time he was welcomed at the airport in the most ceremonious welcome the Kremlin could put on.
It was quite a change from two years ago. Many observers felt the U. Yet stage three also includes the deaths of Mao and Zhou in Carter — confronting global Soviet expansionism with no end in sight — realized the importance of establishing official relations. Finally, as an outgrowth of Ping Pong Diplomacy the Soviets observed an explosion in the number of bilateral agreements between the U.
However, the Soviets understood that both countries remained focused primarily on strategic cooperation and this became clear when, in Junethe U.
Also during this period, the Taiwan Problem, as it was known, came to the forefront of the rapprochement discourse; it could not be ignored any longer.
As China acquires experience in international discourse, the following conviction is becoming widespread: Soviet Policies and Associated Shortcomings 1. In a major defeat for China, the test ban treaty was signed on August 5, and ratified by over countries within a year. Agreement on the Prevention of Nuclear War, which was signed in June The Agreement included a clause that was unmistakably linked to Soviet fears surrounding the rapprochement: China, on the other hand, was skeptical of the Agreement and interpreted it as requiring the two major powers to consult one another concerning the escalation of any conflicts involving them wherein nuclear war might be a possibility.
The Soviets had hoped these proposals would reduce the U. These proposals led to Sino-Soviet meetings in Beijing in In addition, the Kremlin blamed the U.
The Chinese, with U. To the Chinese, they warned of U. Ironically, when the Cold War ended init was the Soviet Union that gained the most influence in that region. The Soviets also warned the U. Military buildup in the Far East and vast expansion of Pacific Fleet: Here lies the greatest flaw of the Soviet response to rapprochement: S-China alliance to the Soviet Union.
In reality, a Chinese ground invasion of Soviet territory was highly improbable and a reduction in troops would have been a crucial concession in order to tilt China toward the ears of Beijing.
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Yet the paranoia was palpable. However, instead of using these gains as leverage to thwart the Sino-American rapprochement, the Soviets merely instilled in China a more palpable feeling of threat than ever before.
Two months later, the last American soldiers departed from Vietnam. Although the United States pledged continued economic and military support for the South Vietnamese, the Saigon regime survived only another 25 months. Brandt visited East Germany and signed a non-aggression pact with Moscow as well as a treaty with Poland acknowledging Poland's postwar border on the Oder-Neisse.
World leaders comment on Brezhnev's death - UPI Archives
In Decemberthe two German states signed a treaty of mutual recognition. Both superpowers aided their allies in the region and for a while, nuclear confrontation appeared to be a real possibility. Consideration of "most favored nation" status for the Soviet Union was stalled in Congress over the issue of Soviet treatment of its Jewish population and political dissidents.
Jackson, of Washington stateworked hard to keep those issues in the public eye. At a summit with Brezhnev in Vladivostok, held in November, an agreement for a new arms limitation treaty was reached in principle, although it would be a long time before the details could be hammered out. In the summer ofafter more than two years of discussion, representatives from Canada, the United States, and 33 European countries met in Helsinki, Finland, to sign an agreement to settle postwar borders.
The final act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe consisted of three "baskets.
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Existing borders were confirmed and the parties pledged peaceful settlements of disputes. The second dealt with cooperation in terms of trade, culture, science and industry.Nixon Tapes Reveal Cold War Brezhnev Chat
The third addressed humanitarian concerns and called for free movement of peoples and circulation of ideas. The United States and the U. The Soviets were happy with the first two and considered the third a public relations exercise, which they could ignore within their own borders.
Although it was signed on August 1,the U.
President Jimmy Carter presented it to the Senate for approval, but opposition delayed ratification. The atmosphere turned very chilly after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December, and in January, Carter asked the Senate to suspend consideration until a more opportune time.