Jesus And The Pharisees
The relationship between Jesus and the Pharisees revealed a side of Christ that wasn't seen often. Hypocrisy is despised by Jesus, so we have some things to. Jesus - Scribes and Pharisees: In the 1st century, scribes and Pharisees were two largely Caiaphas then asked him if he was “the Christ, the Son of God. (Mark ) Jesus wants to help them to attain a healthy relationship with God. Unlike the self-righteous Pharisees, Jesus does not despise such ones.
By about B. The Pharisees were the keepers of the Mosaic law The Torah. They believed that having guardianship of this law was proof that they were God's chosen people, to whom the Messiah would come. They believed that the Messiah would be an earthly king, a son of David whom God would raise up. He would establish an earthly kingdom, freeing them from Roman rule.
They also believed that in order to remain in favour with God, the keeping of the torah was essential. In the "New Bible Dictionary", H. Ellison says, "Basic to the Pharisees conception of religion was the belief that the Babylonian Exile was caused by Israel's failure to keep the Torah The Mosaic lawand that its keeping was an individual as well as a national duty. They also added to these laws and precepts, customs which had been handed down through the years.
They took these precepts to such extremes that the original intent of the written law was often lost, having been made of no effect by the oral laws and traditions which they had brought in. Ellison says, "All these developments together with thirty one customs of immemorial usage formed the oral law. The condition of a person's heart towards God was unimportant.
Because of their strict adherence to levitical laws of purity, they kept themselves separate from gentile sinners on whom they looked downfor fear of being defiled.
Enrichment Journal - Enriching and Equipping Spirit-filled Ministers
In his book "New Testament Survey", M. Tenney says, "They were separatists, or Puritans of Judaism, who withdrew from all evil associations and sought to give complete obedience to every precept of the oral and written law.5 FAST FACTS Why the JEWS Rejected JESUS CHRIST as the MESSIAH !!!
Their worship was merely formal religious observance. This strict observance of the written and oral law the latter often negating the former and formal religion while paying no attention to the motives of the heart, led to self righteousness and hypocrisy.
When the Pharisees met Jesus, a clash was inevitable. The Pharisees' Opposition to Jesus In order to understand the Pharisees' opposition to Jesus, it is necessary to see how they viewed Him from the standpoint of their beliefs.
The Messiah The Pharisees believed in a Davidic king. They did not believe that he would be Divine. They believed that he would be ruler over Israel the Jewish nation, not a friend of Gentiles and sinners.
The Law and the Sabbath The Pharisees were totally convinced that their laws both written and oral and religious observances were correct.
Matthew 23 CEV - Jesus Condemns the Pharisees and the - Bible Gateway
The idea of the Messiah breaking these laws was unthinkable to them. Throughout His ministry, Jesus violated many of their oral laws. He mixed freely with tax collectors and sinners, making Him ceremonially unclean Luke 7: He ate and drank with them, and was called a glutton and a drunkard Luke 7: He ate with ceremonially unclean hands Luke He broke their Sabbath laws by healing people, and gleaning corn to eat Luke He forgave peoples' sins, which to the Pharisees was blasphemy Luke 5: He also freely criticised the Pharisees for their hypocrisy and self righteousness Luke In the Pharisees' eyes, Jesus was guilty of law breaking and blasphemy.
The idea of Jesus criticising them was an outrage Luke 6: They also saw Him as a threat to their popularity and their authority over the people Luke Mark and Luke assign them no role, while Matthew mentions them only once Matthew Some people in Galilee may have distrusted Jesus, and legal experts probably challenged his interpretation of the law, but he was never charged formally with a serious legal offense, and opposition in Galilee did not lead to his death.
Mortal danger faced Jesus only after he went to Jerusalem for what turned out to be the last time. The Gospels do not mention purification, but they do place Jesus near the Temple in the days preceding Passover. He entered Jerusalem on a donkey, perhaps intending to recall Zechariah 9: Jerusalem at Passover was dangerous; it was well known to both Caiaphas, who governed the city, and Pilate, the prefect to whom the high priest was responsible, that the festivals were likely times of uprisings.
Jesus spent some time teaching and debating Mark 12 and also told his disciples that the Temple would be destroyed Mark On one of the days of purification prior to the Passover sacrifice and meal, he performed his most dramatic symbolic action. He entered the part of the temple precincts where worshipers exchanged coins to pay the annual temple tax of two drachmas or bought pigeons to sacrifice for inadvertent transgressions of the law and as purificatory offerings after childbirth.
Jesus turned over some of the tables Mark Later, the disciples found a room for the Passover mealand one of them bought an animal and sacrificed it in the Temple Mark Judas Iscariothowever, one of the 12, betrayed Jesus to the authorities. He also stated that he would not drink wine again until he drank it with the disciples in the kingdom Matthew After supper, Jesus took his disciples to the Mount of Olives to pray.
While he was there, Judas led armed men sent by the chief priests to arrest him Mark They took Jesus to Caiaphaswho had gathered some of his councillors called collectively the Sanhedrin. Jesus was first accused of threatening to destroy the Temple, but this charge was not substantiated. According to Matthew According to Luke he was more ambiguous: Whatever the answer, Caiaphas evidently had already decided that Jesus had to die.
The gesture was effective, and the councillors agreed that Jesus should be sent to Pilate with the recommendation to execute him. It is doubtful that the titles Messiah and Son of God were actually the issue because there was no set meaning for either in 1st-century Judaism.
Jesus and the Pharisees (Bible History Online)
As Mark, reprised by Matthew and Luke, presents the scene, when the attempt to have Jesus executed for threatening the Temple failed, Caiaphas simply declared whatever Jesus said about which we must remain uncertain to be blasphemy.
It appears, however, that the charges against Jesus that Caiaphas transmitted to Pilate Mark The Gospels of Matthew, Luke, and John ascribe a rather good character to Pilate and show him as troubled over the decision but yielding to Jewish insistence Matthew In Luke, for example, Pilate states three times that he finds no fault with Jesus.
This passage suggests that the early churchfaced with making its way in the Roman Empire, did not wish its leader to be thought of as being truly guilty in Roman eyes. From other evidence Pilate is known to have been callouscruel, and given to wanton executions Philo, On the Embassy to Gaius, — He was finally dismissed from office for executing a group of Samaritans Josephus, The Antiquities of the Jews, These two charges help to explain the decision to execute him. His own thinking was almost certainly that God would destroy the Temple as part of the new kingdom, perhaps rebuilding it himself Mark The Temple Scroll from Qumran has a similar expectation.
Caiaphas and his advisers probably understood Jesus well enough: These were inflammatory acts in a city that, at festival time, was prone to uprisings that could lead to the death of many thousands of Jews.