Scarlet Ibis Brother And Doodle Relationship essay help
In “the Scarlet Ibis” by James Hurst, Brother shows devotion for Doodle at various . Finally, ask students to compare and contrast the relationship Doodle has. The Scarlet Ibis, a tale of two brothers, is a short story by James Hurst, in which The story draws comparison between Doodle and a scarlet ibis that one day . The story shows the changing nature of the relationship of the brothers, and the. If Doodle was a girl, the brotherly connection and bond would be lost, resulting A brother-brother relationship is very different than a brother-sister relationship.
The Scarlet Ibis: Examining the Relationship Between Brothers Essay | Essay
Mama's attitude to Doodle is reflected in her attitude to the bird: She delivers Doodle and is the only person who believes that he will live. She has a religious nature, giving thanks to God when Doodle shows everyone that he can walk. Because Doodle is born with a caul, traditionally believed to be "Jesus' nightgown," Aunt Nicey warns that he should be treated with special respect since he may turn out to be a saint.
Though prompted by superstitious belief, the comment shows an appreciation of Doodle's spiritual qualities and foreshadows a suggested symbolic link between Doodle, the ibis, and Christ.
Themes Conflict between Love and Pride "The Scarlet Ibis" explores the conflict between love and pride in Brother's relationship with his physically and mentally disabled brother, Doodle.
Brother loves and appreciates Doodle, as can be seen in the incident when the brothers fantasize about living in Old Woman Swamp, when Brother is overwhelmed by the beauty of the images that Doodle conjures up.
Love is accepting and compassionate in its nature. But Brother's love for Doodle is challenged by two very human failings: Brother feels embarrassed and ashamed of Doodle's limitations and obvious differences from other people. They threaten his sense of pride. He decides to make Doodle do all the things that other people do in spite of the fact that Doodle himself sees no need to conform.
Teaching Doodle to walk is Brother's first success. When Brother's family congratulates him on his success, he cries with shame, because he knows that he acted not out of love but out of pride, "whose slave [he] was. In the end, Doodle's heart fails under the strain, a victim of Brother's insistence. Well might Brother reflect, "I did not know then that pride is a wonderful, terrible thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death. However, their acceptance is not portrayed as entirely positive, as it comes with a heavy dose of resignation and hopelessness about Doodle's prospects.
Mama and Daddy are so convinced that he will die soon after birth that Daddy orders a coffin for him. When Doodle does not die, Daddy makes the go-cart, accepting that Doodle will never walk. The consignment of coffin and go-cart to the loft are signs of the progress that Doodle makes in being like his older brother. Brother's impatience with Doodle's limitations is as ambiguous as the rest of the family's acceptance of them.
But Brother's attitude is the more dangerous because it forces change on a body that is not equipped to deal with it and on a mind that does not desire it. Brother's success in re-making Doodle in his own image is greeted as wonderful progress by everyone except Doodle.
When Brother tells him that he must learn to walk, Doodle asks, "'Why? Because the story is told from the point of view of Brother and not Doodle, it is not clear how much Doodle's life is improved by his new skills. But it is certain that after the initial success of the walking project, Brother's attempts to push Doodle further are destructive to Doodle's health and eventually contribute to his death.
These include plants, birds, insects, and weather phenomena. Make a list of some of these natural elements and write a paragraph on each, explaining how they comment on the action or the characters. Where appropriate, research the habits, habitat, behavior, appearance, symbolic value or other aspects of each natural element and use your findings to elucidate your answers.
Research the lives of two disabled people: Write an essay on the lives and achievements of each. Include in your composition the following: Write a short story in which the main character has a disability, or imagine that you have a particular disability and write a "day-in-the-life" diary entry. If you have a disability in real life, choose a different disability for this exercise. Take into account in your story or diary entry how your disability will affect your feelings, actions, perceptions, relationships and choices.
Research the history of eugenics from its scientific beginnings in the nineteenth century to the present day, considering aspects such as selective breeding, enforced sterilization, human genetic engineering, and the use of eugenics to justify genocide. Bear in mind that different sectors of society, such as disabled people, scientists, doctors, the non-disabled population and governments may well have different views, so try to gather your arguments from a variety of sources to reflect the full range of opinion.
In each section, give your own view based on what you have learned. Research the experiences of a person who participated in World War I. This could be a person in active military service, or a nurse, journalist, ambulance driver, etc. Imagining that you are that person, write a letter to your family at home telling them about some of your recent experiences and your reflections on them.
Brother tells us several times that his efforts with Doodle are motivated by pride: There is a suggested parallel here with the background theme of World War I —18and many readers see an implied critique of the war in the story of Doodle and Brother. Significant numbers of American troops were sent to fight in Europe in the summer ofwhen "The Scarlet Ibis" is set. Anti-war movements, like those gaining ground in when the story was written, point out that wars fought against other nations necessarily involve attempts to make over other nations in the aggressor's image.
Prerequisites to such attempts, say these movements, are pride and arrogance: This is generally as destructive and pointless in the long term as Brother's attempts to remake Doodle. World War I, far from being the "war to end all wars," as was claimed at the time, was soon followed by World War II — Though leaders claimed at the time that war was the only option, many modern scholars question this view. Hurst does not shy away from emphasizing that the war's main legacy in the United States was the deaths of many men, a fact that he drives home in his references to American war graves and deaths.
People who are Different Both Doodle and the scarlet ibis stand out as different; indeed, they are unique in the environment in which they find themselves. At one end of the spectrum, Doodle's family believes that any meaningful quality of life is impossible and expects the boy to die. At the other end, Brother is determined to re-make Doodle so that he conforms to the norm and no longer embarrasses Brother.
Doodle fails to identify with either expectation, refusing to die or admit that the coffin made for him is his, and remaining oblivious to Brother's insistence that he should not be different from the other children at school. In a sense, Doodle floats above the expectations of others like the winged beings of his fantasies. But finally, he succumbs in the face of the pressure of Brother to try to become the same as everyone else. Brotherhood It is significant that the lead protagonist of the story is known only by his relationship to Doodle: Brother's love for Doodle is bound up with cruelty and shame.
Doodle, for his part, is strongly attached to, and reliant upon, Brother and his main fear is of being left alone by him. He is terrified at Brother's threat to leave him in the barn loft if he does not touch the coffin, and cries, "'Don't leave me. This time, Doodle cries, "Brother, Brother, don't leave me! Because the story takes place against the background of World War I, Doodle's words and the theme of brotherhood suggest a wider resonance.
Brotherhood among soldiers fighting in appalling conditions in mud-filled trenches was a frequent theme in war literature and even on war memorials. Loyalty to one's fellow soldiers was seen as vital; if a soldier was injured, the loyalty or betrayal of his colleagues could mean the difference between his living or dying.
Doodle and older brother Characterization by Samii Garrett on Prezi
There are many stories of heroism involving men risking their own lives to save a fallen colleague and equally stories of horror involving wounded men being left to die. In a more universal sense, the carnage of the war brought home the need to embrace the ideal of the brotherhood of all mankind regardless of differences in nation of origin, race, or religion.
The story is laden with rich descriptions of the natural environment, in the family garden and the nearby countryside. Hurst never describes the setting for its own sake; it always comments on the action. For example, the description of the "blighted" summer, with the hurricane bringing down trees and ruining crops, is introduced immediately after Brother recounts his intensification of Doodle's learning program. These images of devastation emphasize the destructive effects of Brother's pushing Doodle beyond his limits.
Moreover, the nearby Old Woman Swamp embodies nature's abundance and beauty. For Brother and Doodle, it seems to signify a world of infinite possibilities and the glory of life. Doodle cries with wonder when he first sees it, and the boys gather wild flowers and make garlands and crowns with which to bedeck themselves.
The suggestion is that this is a place where they feel royal, beautiful, and wealthy the flowers are referred to as "jewels". Old Woman Swamp is also where Brother teaches Doodle to walk, which, in spite of its disastrous outcome, represents a widening of Doodle's horizons.
Doodle fantasizes about living a blissful existence in Old Woman Swamp. Foreshadowing Hurst frequently uses foreshadowing to suggest an upcoming event. This technique creates suspense as the reader waits for the resolution of a certain narrative thread. The first paragraph is an example: Next follows a reference to "the last graveyard flowers," which speak "the names of our dead," evoking the image of men who have died in the war.
These images combine with other elements, like the doctor's warning about Doodle's weak heart, to foreshadow the death of Doodle. Symbolism The scarlet ibis is a carefully chosen symbol. To understand why, it helps to know a little about the bird. A native of the South American tropics, the scarlet ibis is vivid red.
- James Hurst's 'The Scarlet Ibis' Summary and Analysis
- The Scarlet Ibis: Examining the Relationship Between Brothers Essay | Essay
- Scarlet Ibis Brother And Doodle Relationship essay example
Its color derives from the shrimps that form the bulk of its diet; if there are no shrimps, it loses its color. It needs a particular habitat in order to thrive as it only feeds in shallow waters along the coast, in mud flats and lagoons. The scarlet ibis is an endangered species which has not bred successfully in its natural habitat since the s. Reasons for this include development of coastal areas, water pollution, and depletion of food sources.
The Scarlet Ibis - BernadetteStClair
Scarlet ibises are colonial nesters, meaning that they nest in large flocks; they rely on the presence of other birds of their own species. The ibis in "The Scarlet Ibis" is symbolically linked with Doodle from the beginning of the plot, as the memory of the ibis's arrival triggers in Brother's mind the memory of Doodle, and Doodle immediately feels a bond with the bird.
Like the ibis, Doodle is a being alone, different, singled out, with no flock, out of his natural environment. Like the ibis, he does not thrive in the environment in which he finds himself: But while the ibis's beauty is obvious to Doodle, Doodle's beauty of spirit is hidden inside an unattractive exterior; thus, the bird externalizes Doodle's inner nature.
Doodle is associated with winged and divine beings, just as the bird is literally a winged creature. Both boy and bird are characterized by sacred imagery.
It could be argued that both are symbolically linked with Christ. Narrative Technique The story is told as a first-person reminiscence by Brother, who looks back from some time in his maturity to events that took place in his childhood. Thus he is able to imbue the raw events with his reflections on the lessons he learned from them. For example, Brother as a boy would not be able to explain that the reason he cried after his family congratulated him for teaching Doodle to walk was his shame at having acted from pride, "whose slave [he] was.
The narrative technique of reminiscence also enables Brother to foreshadow events before they are described in the narrative, as in "I did not know then that pride is a wonderful, terrible thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death.
That readers only observe the other characters through Brother's eyes might suggest that their sympathies lie with him. Doodle is to meet a similar end soon after the incident. The story, published for the first time in the July edition of 'Atlantic Monthly', is being adapted for an Opera, and will premiere in January at the Prototype Opera Festival.
Characters Doodle Doodle, named by his parents as William Armstrong, is the central character of the story. He is born with physical disabilities, and not expected to live long. He is taught to stand and walk by his brother.
Doodle dies when he is pushed too hard by his brother after failing to become like normal boys. Brother He is the narrator of the story, and is referred to as 'Brother'. He is seven years older than his brother, and names him Doodle. Out of shame of having a crippled brother, he teaches him to stand and walk. The Parents The parents have a carpenter build a small casket for their younger son who is not supposed to live long.
It is their father who says that the bird fallen in their yard is a scarlet ibis. They do not have a major part to play in the story. He remembers his brother being a disappointment as he is born with physical disabilities. Doodle is not expected to live for long and the brother's parents had also got a small casket made for him.
They name their younger son 'William Armstrong', a name the narrator thinks would sound good on a tombstone. When he starts crawling, William crawled backwards like a Doodlebug, and hence Brother named him Doodle.
The Brother recounts that this name had removed any burden of expectations from his disabled brother. Brother used to take Doodle along with him in a cart that their father had made, to the Old Women Swamp.
Brother, at the age of 13, decides to teach Doodle to walk. He had kept pushing him till they were successful, because he wanted at least one thing in Doodle that would make everyone proud.
They decided to keep this a secret from the family to the time that Doodle was actually able to walk. The parents were speechless when they saw their disabled son being able to walk. Doodle tells them that it was Brother who had taught him how to walk. The narrator begins to cry, as it was more out of embarrassment than love that he had taught his brother. When Doodle was able to walk properly, Brother decides to train him, so that before the start of school he would be more like other boys.
One Saturday afternoon, the family is seated at the dining room table, when they hear a croaking noise from the yard.
Curious, Doodle goes in the yard and finds a big red bird on a tree. By the time the rest of them come in the yard, the bird tries to fly away, but lands at the feet of the tree, and dies. When Doodle asks which bird it was, the father tells them that it was a scarlet ibis. Soon after, Brother takes Doodle to the Horsehead Landing to give him swimming lessons, where the weather turns stormy.
Doodle, who is tired and frightened, slips and falls in the mud. Brother starts to run as it begins to rain, and gets ahead of Doodle. The narrator hears his brother call out to him to slow down.