Surety bond - Wikipedia
governing the relations of the beneficiary with both the promisor and the promisee. . they third party beneficiaries of the surety bond so that they can. China's surety bond market underwent significant development in and and the Insurance Law to ascertain the legal relationship between the normally the insured or the beneficiary, is only a relevant contractual party. governing the relations of the beneficiary with both the promisor and the promisee. These rules they third party beneficiaries of the surety bond so that they can.
One of two Chinese laws could apply to the issuance of surety bonds, depending on whether the surety is regarded as: Suretyship, guarantee contracts and guarantee insurance Article 6 of the Guarantee Law defines 'suretyship' as an agreement between a surety and an obligee that the surety will perform the obligation or bear liability according to the agreement if the obligor fails to perform its obligations to the obligee.
Article 5 of the law provides that a 'guarantee contract' is "an accessory contract to the principal contract. If the principal contract is null and void, the guarantee contract shall be null and void accordingly.
Does the accessory principle apply to surety bonds? - Lexology
Where it is otherwise agreed in the guarantee contract, such agreement shall prevail. The establishment, amendment and termination of a guarantee contract is premised on the principal contract.
Where the principal contract is null and void, the guarantee contract shall also be null and void, unless otherwise agreed by the parties or stipulated by law. Conversely, 'guarantee insurance' is a type of insurance policy that can be issued only by insurers. Even though guarantee insurance is regarded as being within the scope of 'property insurance' under Article 95 of the Insurance Law, 2 Chinese law provides no standardised legal definition of guarantee insurance.
The Supreme Court's decision in a guarantee insurance dispute between two financial institutions held that 'guarantee insurance' is a type of insurance through which the insurer provides a guarantee to the insured obligee on behalf of the policyholder obligorin case the policyholder cannot perform its obligations as agreed in the contract with the insured and causes the insured to suffer an economic loss.
In such cases, the insurer will bear the liability to compensate the insured in accordance with the agreement between the insurer and the policyholder. The Supreme Court further held that, even though guarantee insurance is a type of insurance, it is, in effect, a type of suretyship provided by the insurer to the insured.
This classification was later adopted by the Insurance Law. Differing views Although the Supreme Court and the CIRC have each provided definitions, disparity remains among law practitioners and scholars regarding the nature of guarantee insurance.
Article 36 of the Draft Interpretations of the Supreme Court on Issues in Trying Insurance Disputes provides that the courts "shall apply the Contract Law and the Insurance Law to ascertain the legal relationship between the parties when trying guarantee insurance contract disputes; the Guarantee Law shall be referenced where the Contract Law and the Insurance Law do not stipulate".
Article 34 of the draft interpretations provides that "guarantee insurance contracts serve to guarantee the performance of the contractual obligations, which has the nature of suretyship".
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This allows the surety to assess the risk involved in giving the bond; the premium charged is determined accordingly. The earliest known record of a contract of suretyship is a Mesopotamian tablet written around BC. Frankpledge, for example, was a system of joint suretyship prevalent in Medieval England which did not rely upon the execution of bonds. The SFAA is a trade association consisting of companies that collectively write the majority of surety and fidelity bonds in the United States.
Parties In a Surety Relationship - NY Construction Law BlogNY Construction Law Blog
Then in the Miller Act was passed replacing the Heard Act. The Miller Act is the current federal law mandating the use of surety bonds on federally funded projects. Contract bonds are not the same thing as contractor's license bondswhich may be required as part of a license. Provisions of bond A bond given pursuant to this Article shall be: Double the value of all personal property of the decedent when the bond is secured by one of the methods provided in subdivision 4 b, 4 c or 4 d; such value of said personal property to be ascertained by the clerk of superior court by examination, on oath, of the applicant or of some other person determined by the clerk to be qualified to testify as to its value; and 4 Secured by one or more of the following: Suretyship bond executed, at the expense of the estate, by a corporate surety company authorized by the Commissioner of Insurance to do business in this State; b.
Parties In a Surety Relationship
Suretyship bond executed and justified upon oath before the clerk of superior court by two or more sufficient personal sureties each of whom shall reside in and own real estate in North Carolina and shall have assets with an aggregate value above encumbrances of not less than the amount of the penalty of the required bond; c.
A first mortgage or first deed of trust in form approved by the administrative officer of the courts on real estate located in North Carolina: Executed by the owner, and conditioned on the performance of the obligations of the bond, and 2. Containing a power of sale which, in the case of a mortgage, is exercisable by the clerk of superior court upon a breach of any condition thereof, or, in the case of a deed of trust, is exercisable by the trustee after notice by the clerk of superior court that a breach of condition has occurred.