Abridged History of Rome - PART II - I - BYZANTINE ROME
The Gothic War between the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Justinian I and the Ostrogothic To provide a buffer, the Ostrogoths, under their leader, Theodoric the Great, were settled as foederati (allies) of the Empire in the . Theodoric Strabo (died ) was a Thervingi chieftain who was involved in the politics of the Byzantine Empire during the reigns of Byzantine Emperors Leo I, Zeno and Basiliscus. He was a rival for the leadership of the Ostrogoths with his kinsman friendly relationship with the Byzantine Empire, possibly one of the foederati. Cassiodorus lived among the Ostrogoths and served their king Theodoric the Great. The Byzantine Empire (formerly the Eastern Roman Empire) hoped for a independently and maintained friendly relations with the empire to the east.
Early in his reign Theodoric put aside the skins or furs that Germanic rulers usually wore and surrounded his throne with something of Byzantine pomp.Odoacer: King of Italy, 476-493 CE
Unlike Odoacer, he dressed himself in the purple of the emperors. Theodoric maintained peace in Italy throughout his year reign.
Theodoric the Great
The Goths were settled in northern and central Italy, while Sicily and southern Italy as far north as Naples were free of them, but some of them lived in such overseas Ostrogothic dominions as Dalmatia and Pannonia. The Goths were divided from the Romans by language, for Gothic in the middle of the 6th century was both a spoken and a written language, used both for secular and for ecclesiastical matters.
And they were further divided from the Romans by religion because they were Arian Christians, not Catholics, and they accepted the doctrines of the 4th-century heretical Gothic bishop Ulfilas. Early in the 6th century Theodoric published his Edict, a collection of rules and regulations.
With one or two exceptions, these were not new laws but brief restatements in simple language of Roman laws that were already in existence.
The rules of the Edict applied to Goths as well as to Romans: Goths alone served in the army, and Romans were forbidden to carry arms. The Goths lived on the income of the estates on which they had been planted and also received an annual donative from the King. The warriors apparently went each year to Ravenna or wherever the King happened to be to receive the money from his own hand.
On these occasions Theodoric would review the deeds of his troops, praising the brave and reprimanding the cowardly. Gothic soldiers on active service also received rations, either in kind or in the equivalent cash. Theoderic devoted most of his architectural attention to his capital, Ravenna. Andrea dei Goti, S.
Eusebio, were destroyed in the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries. The Mausoleum of Theoderic in Ravenna. Theoderic the Great was interred in Ravenna, but his bones were scattered and his mausoleum was converted to a church after Belisarius conquered the city in Unlike all the other contemporary buildings in Ravenna, which were made of brick, the Mausoleum of Theoderic was built completely from fine quality stone ashlars.
In the philosopher Boethius became his magister officiorum head of all the government and court services. Boethius was a dedicated Hellenist bent on translating all the works of Aristotle into Latin and harmonizing them with the works of Plato. A year later, he was imprisoned and put to death after being accused of treasonous correspondence with the Eastern emperor Justin I.
Gothic War (–) - Wikipedia
In the meantime Cassiodorus had succeeded Boethius as magister in The pliant historian and courtier could be counted on to provide refined touches to official correspondence. For when he became free from his official cares, he looked to your conversation for the precepts of the sages, that he might make himself a worthy equal to the great men of old.
Ever curious, he desired to hear about the courses of the stars, the tides of the sea, and legendary fountains, that his earnest study of natural science might make him seem to be a veritable philosopher in the purple" Cassiodorus' letterbook, Variae 9.
The gulf was widening between the ancient senatorial aristocracy, whose center was Rome, and the adherents of Gothic rule at Ravenna: Theoderic in his final years was no longer the disengaged Arian patron of religious toleration that he had seemed earlier in his reign. At the end of his reign quarrels arose with his Roman subjects and the Byzantine emperor Justin I over the Arianism issue. Relations between the two nations deteriorated, although Theoderic's ability dissuaded the Byzantines from waging war against him.
After his death, that reluctance faded quickly. The wife of the Alan general Aspar was his sister.
- Gothic War (535–554)
- Theodoric Strabo
- Theoderic the Great
He was a contemporary of the more famous Theodoric the Amal, who was a Moesian Goth of the royal Amal familyand who would become known as Theoderic the Great.
Strabo, who was at the command of his people in Thrace, revolted to avenge his relative, but was defeated by the Byzantine generals Zeno and Basiliscus, who were both later emperors.
However, Strabo was able to set three conditions to end his unrest: Since Leo had rejected the requests, offering the rank of magister militum only in exchange of an oath of loyalty, Strabo started a military campaign against the cities of Thrace. Part of the Gothic army attacked Philippi or Philippopoliswhile he led the remaining men to attack and occupy Arcadiopolis. When the Goths ran out of supplies, Theodoric signed a peace with Leo ; according to its terms the Byzantines were to pay an annual tribute of pounds of gold to the Goths, whose independence was recognized, and Strabo was to obtain the rank of magister militum.
Theodoric Strabo played a role in the overthrowing of Emperor Zeno inand in the rise to power of Basiliscus. The new emperor kept Theodoric on his side as magister militumbut Strabo was soon upset by some decisions made by Basiliscus, and is not reported to have defended Constantinople the following year, when Zeno returned to take back his throne. He killed Heraclius, the magister militum per Thracias, despite the payment of a ransom, probably because Heraclius was involved in the murder of Aspar.