Meet The Lee Family | Stratford Hall
On one of those trips, after Charle's execution, Lee purportedly met with Charles II to exchange Berkeley's old commission for a new one and to invite the exiled. The Lee Family. At the end of May, Shamyra Lee took her oldest son, Malachi, to the doctor for his annual wellness check-up. What was. Home of the Lees of Virginia & Birthplace of Robert E. Lee. Navigation.
When and where was RHL born? Who were RHL's parents? Perhaps the most wealthy and powerful individual in Virginia, Thomas Lee was the principal founder of the Ohio Company and the father of a Revolutionary dynasty that included not only Richard Henry but his brothers Arthur, Francis Lightfoot, and William Lee.
Where was RHL educated? Not much is know about Richard Henry Lee's early schooling other than that he was tutored along with brothers Thomas and Francis, and sister Alice by Alexander White, an Anglican In his father sent him to England, where he attended Wakefield Academy in Yorkshire.
There he became fluent in Latin and Greek. His formal education ended at age 20, followed by a lengthy tour of northern Europe, and he returned to Virginia in Back at Stratford Hall he supplemented his education by studying law, government, history, and the classics. Did RHL have a physical handicap? Yes, Richard Henry Lee was severely wounded during a hunting accident in While hunting geese his gun exploded and took off the fingers of his left hand.
His wound was cauterized with a white-hot iron and healed over a period of months. Subsequently, he wore a black silk cloth or glove to hide the scarred hand, which he used to great effect when giving public speeches. In addition, Lee suffered from gout and arthritis. Did RHL have a family? Their children included Thomas —Ludwell —Mary —Hannah —and Marybelle b. Anne Aylett Lee of pluerisy in Decemberat age thirty.
In the spring or summer of Lee married widow Anne Gaskins Pinckard, with whom he had another seven children: Anne —Henrietta Harriotte; —Sarah Caldwell Sally; —Cassius —Francis Lightfoot —and two who died in infancy, born in and Where did RHL live?
Richard Henry Lee and his family lived at Stratford Hall until when they moved to Chantilly-on-the-Potomac, a three-and-a-half story house he had constructed on a bluff overlooking the Potomac River as it flowed into Currioman Bay. Situated on acres of Lee lands adjacent to Stratford Hall, Chantilly was said to have a finer view of the Potomac River than the grander Stratford.
At Chantilly Lee grew tobacco, corn, and wheat and raised livestock.
Chantilly's outbuildings included a kitchen, a barn, a dairy, a blacksmith shop, and various stables. A boat dock constructed at nearby creeks was christened Chantilly Landing.
Did RHL own slaves? Yes, as did most of his family. Richard Henry Lee inherited forty slaves at the death of father Thomas Lee in By his own death in that number had increased to sixty-three. Lee's slaves consisted of laborers and house workers and a few skilled craftsmen. Lee opposed the slave system, however, and his first motion in the Virginia House of Burgesses, inwas one protesting slavery and the slave trade.
Did RHL have an interest in western lands? Silas Deane Yes, his father Thomas Lee had been an original founder of the Ohio Company, and his shares had devolved to his children. In he became one of the founders of the town of Warrenton; the county seat of Faquier was situated on his lands. In Richard Henry Lee and four of his brother joined George Washington in organizing the Mississippi Adventure, a land company that hoped to secure a Royal grant of two and a half million acres along the Mississippi River.
Did RHL have a military career? He offered his company's service to British General Edward Braddock in March but was turned down.
He later served as captain of a volunteer company of light horse and as a colonel of the militia. Most of his early work in the House of Burgesses revolved around supplying the Virginia militia, and in and he took an active part in organizing the defense of the Potomac against British incursions. What did RHL's political career consist of?
Richard Henry Lee's political career began in when he was appointed a justice of the peace in Westmoreland County.
Three years later he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses, and served in that body until its disbandment during the Revolutionary War. Afterwards he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in, Lee served in the Continental Congress from totoand in He served as president pro tempore during the Second Congress and as president of Congress from to He served in the United States Senate from to Richard Henry Lee often found himself serving on important committees, some of which thrust him into the center of political controversary.
In he joined forces with Virginia Governor Robert Dinwiddie in opposing the powerful speaker and treasurer of Virginia, John Robinson, who was misappropriating colonial funds to the advantage of his political cronies. Lee introduced the motion in the House of Burgesses to appoint a committee to inquire into the state of the treasury, leading to the separation of the two offices.
In Lee led Virginia resistance to the Declaratory Act and was the leading member of the special committee charged with drafting addresses to the king and the House of Lords protesting the Act.
The following year,Lee opposed the Stamp Act, and drafted the Westmoreland Articles of Association formed to oppose it. Lee opposed the Townshend duties of that placed a tax on tea, and introduced a motion in the House of Burgesses calling for a petition to the king outlining the colonies' grievances.
In Lee suggested that the American colonies organize committees of correspondence as a way of facilitating colonial communication and coordinating colonial resistance against Great Britain. Lee wrote a report for the House of Burgesses on the subject of opening up navigation of the Potomac River to Fort Cumberland, Maryland, in When the first Continental Congress met in Philadelphia inRichard Henry Lee attended as one of the seven-man Virginia delegation.
In congress he served on dozens of committees and earned a reputation as a fine orator and writer. In Lee was appointed to the committee designated to draft a Declaration of Rights of the Colonies. Lee introduced the resulting bill, the Declaration of Independence, on 7 June The bill was adopted on 2 July and ratified on 4 July At the same time that the declaration committee was considering its important work, Lee was with George Wythe drafting a new state constitution for Virginia.
Immediately after the signing of the Declaration Lee departed for Virginia to lobby for their plan, and the Virginia Convention ultimately ratified a similar proposal. The following year, Lee led the effort in Congress to recall and investigate the American commissioner in Paris, Silas Deane, entering a controversary that lasted for years. That same year, Lee wrote the first national Thanksgiving Day proclamation, issued on 31 October In and Lee was drawn into the controversary surrounding the so-called Conway Cabal, an effort to remove George Washington as commander of the Continental Army.
Although Lee was a friend and avid supporter of Washington, Lee had to defend himself against charges that he was taking part in the plot when a series of forged letters was circulated purporting to show Lee's involvement. Richard Henry Lee was an antifederalist who tended to support the proposed Constitution, provided it could be amended before being voted upon. To that end he proposed amendments and supported the Bill of Rights, but he did not attend the Constitutional Convention.
He did accept, however, the office of Senator under the new government, and in fact gained more votes than any other contender. In the Senate Lee guarded the antifederalist positions but was known as a moderate with whom one could compromise. The above is a bare-boned outline Richard Henry Lee's political career. He was an energetic and important member of every body that he served in, and his oratory skills earned him the title of Cicero of the American Revolution.
When and where did RHL die? The last two years of his life he was greatly enfeebled, and for the last six months of his life he mostly was confined to his home. Where is RHL buried? Is there a good biography of RHL?
Richard Henry Lee has been the subject of several biographies. Cazenove Gardner Lee, Jr. William Lee Who was WL? After being trained for a career in business he successfully established himself as a merchant in London, where he became a keen observer of revolutionary politics and held public offices.
Congress appointed him to various European diplomatic posts, and is most remembered for the role he and his brother Arthur played in the Silas Deane affair. When and where was WL born? Who were WL's parents? Perhaps the most wealthy and powerful individual in Virginia, Thomas Lee was the principal founder of the Ohio Company and the father of a Revolutionary dynasty that included not only William but his brothers Arthur, Francis Lightfoot, and Richard Henry Lee.
Where was WL educated?
- Lee Family Member FAQs
Not much is known about William Lee's schooling other than that he was along with some of his siblings tutored by a Scots clergyman named Craig. Instead of attending college he learned business from his elder brother Philip "Colonel Phil" Ludwell Lee, the inheritor of Stratford, between and To supplement that training William for a while he served as secretary for a group of land speculators calling themselves the Mississippi Company. Did WL have a family? Hannah and William had several children, three of whom survived to adulthood, William Ludwell —Portia —who married William Hodgson, and Cornelia —who married John Hopkins.
In addition, while in London Lee brought into his family and educated the two eldest sons of his brother Richard Henry, Thomas and Ludwell. William and Hannah's entire married life was spent in England, for she died there while Lee was making preparations in Virginia for their removal to Green Spring. Why did WL live in England? William Lee went to London in to open up a commercial house.
He hoped to make his fortune, operating in part in the name of the Lee family, by handling trade for aristocratic Virginians. Once in England Lee entered into a tobacco trading partnership with Stephen Sayre and Dennys De Berdts, a father and son team that soon drew Lee into the political arena—all became ardent supporters of John Wilkes —the English radical, politician, and journalist. After a somewhat shaky beginning, Lee, with the assistance of his wife Hannah, built up a respected and lucrative business, operating out of their London home at 33 Tower Hill.
While in England Lee left his Virginia estate in the hands of overseers, who were in turn loosely watched over by Lee's brother Francis Lightfoot.
Was WL elected Sheriff of London? In Lee also was elected an Alderman of the City of London, a post granted for life. The only American ever to hold that distinction, Lee resigned the office in Lee made a bid for a seat in Parliament inbut lost the election.
After his return to Virginia in Lee was elected to the Virginia Senate. What was WL's official role in Europe? William Lee represented the new U. Early in Lee was named, along with Thomas Morris, co-agent for the Continental Congress's European business interests.
Lee Family Member FAQs
William went to Paris taking along his family in June to look into Congress's accounts, and after finding them in a state of confusion he, with the help of brother Arthur, succeeded in casting doubts about how Congress's representative, Silas Deane, was handling his secret mission to France on behalf of Congress.
Meanwhile, Congress had appointed Lee commissioner to Prussia and Austria, in Maybut Lee quickly discovered that neither country was receptive to diplomacy. Lee then turned to Holland hoping to negotiate a treaty of commerce, the draft of which eventually became the cause of hostilities between the Dutch and the British. Congress eventually dismissed William from all his diplomatic posts as a result of the fall-out from the Silas Deane affair. What was WL's role in the Silas Deane affair? After being appointed the Continental Congress's joint commercial agent for its European affairs, William Lee traveled to Paris in Junewhere to his dismay he found the financial accounts a chaotic mess and Congress's representatives unwilling to cooperate with him.
William began to suspect foul play on the part of Silas Deane —a Connecticut lawyer and former delegate to the Continental Congress whom Congress had sent to France as a special secret ambassador charged with procuring men, arms, supplies, and loans for the American war effort. Lee accused Deane of profiting illegally from his mission and began to write home about it, directing his letters to his brother Richard Henry Lee, one of Congress's most powerful members.
William and his brother Arthur eventually went so far as to accuse Deane of treason and finally succeeded in stirring up so much trouble that Congress recalled Deane and held an official inquiry into his actions while in France. In his own defense Deane accused Lee brothers William, Arthur, Richard Henry, and Francis Lightfoot and others of malfeasance and drew further ire upon himself—including that of Tom Paine, who was immensely popular at the time and wrote an essay in defense of the Lees—although he did succeed in having Congress dismiss William and Arthur from their posts in In a sense, William Lee could be said to have started the war between Great Britain and the Netherlands in Lee with Dutch merchant Jan de Neufville co-drafted a commercial treaty between the United States and the Netherlands that was discovered by the British when they captured a vessel carrying former Continental Congress president Henry Laurens to the Netherlands on a diplomatic mission.
Although no treaty was ever ratified, or even seriously negotiated by the governments of the U. Did WL own slaves? William Lee inherited no slaves from his father's estate but when he married his cousin Hannah Philippa Ludwell in a number of slaves came under his control. After the Revolutionary War Lee's attitude toward the slaves was to treat them "as human beings whom Heaven has placed under my care not only to minister to my luxury, but to contribute to their happiness.
When and where did WL die?The LEES have Steve RUNNING SCARED! - Family Feud
After retiring to Green Spring in William Lee lived for about a dozen years, dying on 27 June Lee began going blind aboutand the last few years of his life he was completely dependent upon his son, William Ludwell Lee.
Where is WL buried? William Lee was buried alongside his Ludwell ancestors at the Jamestown churchyard burial grounds. Is there a good biography of WL? Militia Diplomat, by Alonzo T. Dill Virginia Independence Bicentennial Commission, is a good short overview of William Lee's life and political career.
Arthur Lee Who was AL? After being trained for a career in business he successfuly established himself as a merchant in London, where he became a keen observer of revolutionary politics and held public offices.
Congress appointed him to various European diplomatic posts, and is most remembered for the role he and his brother William played in the Silas Deane affair. When and where was AL born?
Who were AL's parents? Perhaps the most wealthy and powerful individual in Virginia, Thomas Lee was the principal founder of the Ohio Company and the father of a Revolutionary dynasty that included not only Arthur but his brothers William, Francis Lightfoot, and Richard Henry Lee.
Where was AL educated? Not much is known about Arthur Lee's early schooling other than that he was along with some of his siblings tutored at Stratford Hall. His formal education took place at Eton and Edinburgh, where he took a medical degree. He practiced medicine briefly in Williamsburg before returning to Enland, where he took a law degree, studying at Lincoln's Inn and the Middle Temple. After being admitted to the British bar he practiced law in London.
Did AL have a family? Arthur Lee never married and had no children. Why did AL live in England? Arthur Lee went to London in to open up a commercial house.
Once in England Lee entered into a tobacco trading partnership with Stephen Sayre and Dennys De Berdts, a father and son team that soon drew Lee into the political arena - all became ardent supporters of John Wilkes -the English radical, politician, and journalist.
Was AL elected Sheriff of London?
Richard Henry Lee | Stratford Hall
What was AL's official role in Europe? Arthur Lee represented the new U.
What was AL's role in the Silas Deane affair? After being appointed the Continental Congress's joint commercial agent for its European affairs, Arthur Lee traveled to Paris in Junewhere to his dismay he found the financial accounts a chaotic mess and Congress's representatives unwilling to cooperate with him.
William began to suspect foul play on the part of Silas Deane -a Connecticut lawyer and former delegate to the Continental Congress whom Congress had sent to France as a special secret ambassador charged with procuring men, arms, supplies, and loans for the American war effort.
In his own defense Deane accused Lee brothers William, Arthur, Richard Henry, and Francis Lightfoot and others of malfeasance and drew further ire upon himself - including that of Tom Paine, who was immensely popular at the time and wrote an essay in defense of the Lees - although he did succeed in having Congress dismiss William and Arthur from their posts in In a sense, Arthur Lee could be said to have started the war between Great Britain and the Netherlands in Did AL own slaves?
Arthur Lee inherited no slaves from his father's estate but when he married his cousin Hannah Philippa Ludwell in a number of slaves came under his control. After the Revolutionary War Lee's attitude toward the slaves was to treat them "as human beings whom Heaven has placed under my care not only to minister to my luxury, but to contribute to their happiness".
As a result, Lee endeavored to apprentice his slaves to learn trades. When and where did AL die? After retiring to Green Spring in Arthur Lee lived for about a dozen years, dying on 27 June Where is AL buried? Arthur Lee was buried alongside his Ludwell ancestors at the Jamestown churchyard burial grounds.
Is there a good biography of AL? Dill Virginia Independence Bicentennial Commission, is a good short overview of Arthur Lee's life and political career. When and where was LHHL born? Who were LHHL's parents? Where was LHHL educated? Although he planned to travel to London to study law, the threat of hostilities between the colonies and Great Britain caused Lee to abandon the idea. Did LHHL have a family?
Three children were born to Light-Horse Harry and Matilda: Residing at Stratford Hall, which Matilda had inherited before her death, Lee and his second wife had six children: What did LHHL's military career consist of? Although Light-Horse Harry Lee tried to enter the military init was before he joined the Virginia Light Dragoons as a captain in the regiment of his kinsman, Colonel Theodorick Bland.
His company was taken into the Continental line in September In he was promoted to major and given command of one of two independent cavalry companies authorized by the Continental Congress. Known as Lee's Legion, it became the most legendary cavalry corps of the Revolutionary War. Lee was court-martialed twice before being given command of his legion.
Both trials arose from disputes with fellow officers, and both times he was acquitted with honor. Lingering jealousy and suspicion among some in the army marred his subesequent service, and, he thought, his chance for military glory. On 19 August he led the suprise assault against Paulus Hook, New Jersey, for which he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and awarded a gold medal by Congress. There Lee distinguised himself by attacking the British during Greene's famous retreat through through the Carolinas into Virginia.
Discontentment led Lee to resign his commission in In President George Washington called Lee out of military retirement to command the forces gathered to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion. When President John Adams asked George Washington to organize the army during the so-called Quasi-War with France, Washington said Lee was the best military figure in the country, but not liked by his fellow officers.
Did LHHL have any political service? He also served three one-year terms as governor of Virginia, from to He was a member of the United States Congress from to Lee was an avid federalist and as a member of the Virginia Ratifying Convention supported the adoption of the United States Constitution. In and Lee unsuccessfully sought James Madison's assistance in finding him a federal appointment outside of the United States. Yes, immediately upon hearing of his former commander's death.
John Marshall is sometimes mistakenly credited with writing the eulogy because he used Lee's famous words, "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen", when introducing a memorial resolution to Washington in the United States Congress on 16 December But Lee wrote the eulogy several days earlier and delivered it in person to a joint session of Congress in Philadelphia on 26 December.
Was LHHL a good businessman? Light-Horse Harry Lee tended to be an overly optimistic visionary proned to take extraordinary risks that had little chance of success, especially given his inexperience in business matters. Lee's deficiencies in managing his financial affairs apparently did not go unnoticed by Lee's fathers-in-law, for although each made substantial bequeaths to their daughters, both excluded Lee from controlling those inheritances.
Lee tended to speculate in land schemes at the expense of running the Stratford plantation. In Lee attempted to establish a community at the Great Falls of the Potomac River, named Matildaville in honor of his first wife, but a lack of capital and the slowness of constructing the Potomac Canal ultimately led to its failure.
In Lee contracted to purchase George Washington's holdings in the Dismal Swamp Company and entered partnerships to purchaseacres of Potomac River land and a million acres of cheap backcountry land. Despite his unbounded optimism and energy, and another decade of enterprizing land schemes, he ultimately defaulted.
By April Lee was bankrupt and considered by many to be a cheat and swindler, and he was forced into debtors prison. He was placed in the Westmoreland County, Virginia, jail, and later transferred to the jail in Spotsylvania County, where he remained until March Not as a military officer, as Light-Horse Harry Lee's military commission had expired a decade earlier.
Lee did, however, freely write letters to President James Madison filled with advice about the conflict. Did LHHL get beaten by a mob? Yes, while trying to protect his friend, Alexander Contee Hanson, editor of The Federal Republican, from a pro-war mob in Light-Horse Harry Lee received severe injuries from which he never recovered.
Did LHHL write a book? Lee prepared a new edition that included a biography of his father. In Lee also wrote a pamphlet, published anonymously the following year, attacking Thomas Jefferson's presidency, and in an account of the Baltimore riot in which he was injured was published under his name but apparently not authored by him. When and where did LHHL die? Lee was on his way home to Virginia from the West Indies, where he had been for several years.
Where is LHHL buried? Is there a good biography of LHHL? A Biography University of Kentucky,remains unpublished. The name given to Robert E. Lee at birth was Robert Edward Lee. When Lee and his wife Mary gave the same name to their sixth child and youngest son at his birth inLee became a Senior, although he continued to sign his name "R.
Lee" — as he had done since his youth. When and where was REL Born? Robert was the last Lee born at Stratford Hall to survive infancy, as his family moved to Alexandria in When did REL's ancestors come to Virginia?
On his father's side, Robert E. Lee's earliest ancestors were Richard Lee c.
The young couple came to Virginia aboutand in Lee patented land at Tindal's Point in present-day Gloucester County, on the north side of the York River directly across from where Yorktown was later established. Two years later, inLee patented a thousand-acre tract on Poropotank Creek, a tributary of the York about twenty miles above the river's mouth. To gain further information on the war, Lee began corresponding with Andrew Jackson.
As a supporter of Jackson for the presidency, Lee wrote pro-Jackson articles, which were turned against Jackson. Mortified, Lee wrote a letter explaining his stance to Jackson, who invited him to The Hermitage. For a time, Henry joined Anne at the health resort, and later they moved into a house close to Nashville.
Lee are living with a neighbor of mine. Henry drafted the inauguration speech, traveled with Jackson to Washington for the inauguration and remained there with him for some time. With each appointment came the resurrection of the old scandal.
Finally, Jackson surreptitiously appointed Henry to one of the least desirous and most dangerous assignments: Anne Lee stuck by her husband and, in Octoberarrived in Algiers—considered a very dangerous area—with him. After Henry had successfully filled the post for nearly a year, the Senate found out about the appointment and voted to recall him in March Henry then published the first of his two-volume biography of Napoleon, Life of the Emperor Napoleon London, ; New York,with excellent reviews.
He had nearly finished the manuscript for the second volume when died in during the flu epidemic.