Civil War for Kids: Robert E. Lee Surrenders at Appomattox
Lee had sent a letter to Grant requesting a meeting to discuss his army's Appomattox Court House accompanied by Federal Officers Lt. Col. The Battle of Appomattox Court House page includes history articles, photo galleries, maps, and other recommended links for this Civil War battle in Virginia. Messages were soon exchanged and Lee and Grant agreed to meet at the. The Battle of Appomattox Court House (Virginia, U.S.), fought on the morning of April 9, , . At a.m., Lee rode out to meet Grant, accompanied by three of his aides. Grant received Lee's first letter on the morning of April 9 as he was.
I am at this writing about four miles West of Walker's Church and will push forward to the front for the purpose of meeting you. Notice sent to me on this road where you wish the interview to take place.
Marshall scrutinized Appomattox Court House, a small village of roughly twenty buildings that served as a waystation for travelers on the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road. After several hours of correspondence between Grant and Lee, a cease-fire was enacted and Grant received Lee's request to discuss surrender terms.
Battle of Appomattox Court House | Summary | relax-sakura.info
Surrender[ edit ] Union soldiers at the courthouse in April Well-dressed in his customary uniform, Lee waited for Grant to arrive. Grant, whose headache had ended when he received Lee's note, arrived at the McLean house in a mud-spattered uniform—a government-issue sack coat with trousers tucked into muddy boots, no sidearms, and with only his tarnished shoulder straps showing his rank.
Lee brought the attention back to the issue at hand, and Grant offered the same terms he had before: In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst.
Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate.
Appomattox Court House: African-American Troops | African American Historic Sites Database
One copy to be given to an officer designated by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate. The officers to give their individual paroles not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly exchanged, and each company or regimental commander sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery and public property to be parked and stacked, and turned over to the officer appointed by me to receive them.
This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they observe their paroles and the laws in force where they may reside.
Officers were allowed to keep their sidearms, horses, and personal baggage.
Parkera Native American of the Seneca tribeand completed around 4 p. Grant soon visited the Confederate army, and then he and Lee sat on the McLean home's porch and met with visitors such as Longstreet and George Pickett before the two men left for their capitals.
The Surrender Meeting
Chamberlain was the Union officer selected to lead the ceremony. In his memoirs entitled The Passing of the Armies, Chamberlain reflected on what he witnessed on April 12,as the Army of Northern Virginia marched in to surrender their arms and their colors: The momentous meaning of this occasion impressed me deeply.
I resolved to mark it by some token of recognition, which could be no other than a salute of arms. Well aware of the responsibility assumed, and of the criticisms that would follow, as the sequel proved, nothing of that kind could move me in the least.
The act could be defended, if needful, by the suggestion that such a salute was not to the cause for which the flag of the Confederacy stood, but to its going down before the flag of the Union. My main reason, however, was one for which I sought no authority nor asked forgiveness.
Before us in proud humiliation stood the embodiment of manhood: Instructions had been given; and when the head of each division column comes opposite our group, our bugle sounds the signal and instantly our whole line from right to left, regiment by regiment in succession, gives the soldier's salutation, from the "order arms" to the old "carry"—the marching salute.
Gordon at the head of the column, riding with heavy spirit and downcast face, catches the sound of shifting arms, looks up, and, taking the meaning, wheels superbly, making with himself and his horse one uplifted figure, with profound salutation as he drops the point of his sword to the boot toe; then facing to his own command, gives word for his successive brigades to pass us with the same position of the manual,—honor answering honor.
On our part not a sound of trumpet more, nor roll of drum; not a cheer, nor word nor whisper of vain-glorying, nor motion of man standing again at the order, but an awed stillness rather, and breath-holding, as if it were the passing of the dead!
Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies, pp.
Robert E. Lee surrenders
The two remaining Confederate railroad connections with Petersburg and Richmond would be within the Union Army's grasp if they took Five Forks. Lee perceived the threat from the Union moves and thinned his lines to strengthen the defenses on his far right.
He also organized a Confederate mobile force to protect the key junction of Five Forks in order to keep open the Southside Railroad and important roads and to drive the Union force back from its advanced position. A steady, heavy rain started on the afternoon of March 29 and continued through March 30, slowing movements and limiting actions on March Munford in command of his own division.
TerryMontgomery Corse and George H. Steuart on the deteriorated Southside Railroad to Sutherland Station. Leiper delayed Pickett's force from reaching Five Forks until 4: Pickett decided because of the late hour and the absence of the other cavalry divisions to wait until morning to move his tired men against Sheridan at Five Forks.
Terry's and Montgomery Corse's brigades to an advanced position south of Five Forks to guard against surprise attack. Morris encountered Fitzhugh Lee's troopers and lost 3 officers and 20 men in the encounter. Payne who was wounded. Scales's brigade from Major General Cadmus M.