Religion in the Inca Empire - Wikipedia
Inca art was inherited from cultures that predated the Inca Empire by thousands of years. Women, picked among the most beautiful young females in the empire. Inca Commoners would ware it only in special occasions such as in religious. The number of religious structures at Machu Picchu is high, indicating that Pachacuti and Carved boulders were a part of the Inka relationship with the earth, and expressions the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, anywhere and the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization. Kids learn about the Mythology and Religion of the Inca Empire including the gods, goddesses, priests, huacas, and Inca god Viracocha (artist Unknown).
There were ayllus that specialized in certain type of art such as pottery making or weaving. Their production would be taken to all parts of the empire and distributed, like a centralized economy.
There were well specialized artisans working on art pieces such as jewelry and clothing for the nobility and the Sapa Inca. Such workers or artists were the acllas who were the Chosen Women, picked among the most beautiful young females in the empire. Inca art gives us an understanding of how the Incas lived as they did not leave written records of their history. Everything we know about their lives have been passed on in oral form from generation to generation and from the interpretations of artifacts discovered by archeologist.
Andean countries such as Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador have inherited these forms of art which is imbedded in their culture and can be seen in their current arts and crafts usually sold in craft markets. Inca Architecture Ancient Inca Wall in the City of Cusco It is commonly questioned as to how the Incas were able to develop such an exquisite architecture without the use of the wheel and modern tools.
Their buildings have withstood five centuries in an earthquake prone zone and provided the foundations of many current buildings.
One of the reasons Inca architecture was successful was the organization of its society and labor. Through ayllus and mita labor or tribute they were able to organize their manpower in extraordinary numbers necessary to build such labor intensive monuments. The strongest males were chosen and it was an honor to be part of the team as they were building temples dedicated to Inca Gods. More about Inca Architecture Inca art — Inca textile and clothing Andean woman inherited weaving Inca technique Ancient Andean weaving developed by pre-Inca civilizations and inherited and perfected by the Incas is considered as one of the greatest textile in the world and is compared to finest textile developed by the ancient Egyptians.
In ancient Inca culture the development of the textile industry and trade had an important role in society and politics. Even though the Incas did not parallel the artistic development of some of its predecessors they did develop mass production which allowed its redistribution throughout the empire.
More about Inca textile and clothing Inca art — Inca Pottery Moche sculptural portrait stirrup spout bottle The best example of pottery produced before the days of the Inca Empire is found in the ceramic produced by the Moche or Mochica culture that thrived from to AD in the northern Peruvian coast.
During the Inca Empire the production of pottery in the Andes was an art already developed in the region for thousands of years. One characteristic of Inca pottery is that it did not portray the human form, unlike other cultures that thrived before them, instead they used geometric patterns and shapes and heads of animals.
Inti was married to the Goddess of the Moon, Mama Quilla. Mama Quilla - Mama Quilla was the goddess of the Moon. She was also the goddess of marriage and the defender of women. Mama Quilla was married to Inti the god of the Sun. The Inca believed that lunar eclipses occurred when Mama Quilla was being attacked by an animal. Pachamama - Pachamama was the goddess of Earth or "Mother Earth".
She was responsible for farming and the harvest. Viracocha - Viracocha was the first god who created the Earth, the sky, the other gods, and humans. Supay - Supay was the god of death and ruler of the Inca underworld called the Uca Pacha. The most important temple was the Coricancha built in the heart of the city of Cuzco to the sun god, Inti.
Inca Art Forms | Discover Peru
The walls and floors were covered with sheets of gold. There were also gold statues and a huge gold disc that represented Inti. Coricancha means "Golden Temple". The Inca Afterlife The Inca believed strongly in an afterlife.
They took great care in embalming and mummifying the bodies of the dead before burial.
They brought gifts to the dead that they thought the dead could use in the afterlife. The Inca felt so strongly in the afterlife that when an emperor died, their body was mummified and left in their palace.Inca Empire overview - World History - Khan Academy
They even kept some servants to watch over the dead emperor. For certain festivals, such as the Festival of the Dead, the dead emperors were paraded through the streets.
If a person lived a good life they lived in the part of heaven with the sun where there was plenty of food and drink.