# Relationship between cash and futures prices

### Relationship between cash and futures markets | Trade2Win

PDF | In developed financial markets, there is no dearth of literature on relationship between spot and future market. India, in the year people who trade in futures markets: The relationship of the prices of cash the price spread between the cash commodity and the futures contracts in which. We explore other properties of futures prices, examine the relationship between futures prices and expected future spot prices and investigate the determinants.

Understanding how futures differ from cash transactions is essential if you wish to make sense of financial markets. Simple Forward Contract If you ever put down a deposit on a car or a house for a future purchase, you have executed a forward agreement. Such agreements are essentially contracts to trade something at a predetermined price and future date.

The goal is to secure a transaction and lock in the future price to eliminate risk for both sides. A typical "forward" might be between a corn producer and a cereal manufacturer to trade 1, pounds of corn in six months at a specific price per pound. Such an agreement helps both parties budget with ease and eliminates the risk of not being able to find a party to buy from or sell to. Paying for corn on the spot for immediate delivery, on the other hand, is known as a cash trade.

The essence of the price discovery function hinges on whether new information is reflected first in changes of future prices or changes of spot prices. Hence, there exists lead-lag relationship between spot and futures market by information dissemination.

All the information available in the market place is immediately incorporated in the prices of assets in an efficient market. So, new information disseminating into the market should be reflected immediately in spot and futures prices simultaneously.

**Cash versus Futures Index Markets in Spread Betting & CFDs 😯👍**

This will lead to perfect positive contemporaneous co movement between the prices of those markets and there will be no systematic lagged response and therefore no arbitrage opportunity. The assumptions that underlie these arguments are that future and spot markets are perfectly efficient, and that transaction costs are zero.

Most importantly, in the real world, the existence of market frictions such as transaction costs, margin requirements, short-sale constraints, liquidity differences and non-synchronous trading effects may induce lead-lag relationship between the futures contract and its underlying spot market.

In addition, if there are economic incentives for traders to use one market over the other, a price discovery process between the two markets is likely to happen [ 9 ].

This implies that futures and spot market prices are inter-related and can be traced under different market frictions through price discovery mechanism. Accordingly, there exist diversified theoretical arguments pertaining to the causal relationship between spot and futures markets by information dissemination. The main arguments in favor of futures market leads spot market are mainly due to the advantages provided by the futures market includes higher liquidity, lower transaction costs, lower margins, ease leverage positions, rapid execution and greater flexibility for short positions.

Thus, the future prices lead the spot market prices. In addition, the low cost contingent strategies and high degree of leverage benefits in futures market attracts larger speculative traders from a spot market to a more regulated futures market segments, leading to reduction in informational asymmetries of the spot market through reducing the amount of noise trading, helping price discovery, improving the overall market depth, enhancing market efficiency, and increase market liquidity.

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### Relationship between Futures Price and Cost of Carry | Anilkumar G Garag - relax-sakura.info

The underlying dynamics of the economy were changing fast and the popularity of futures trading were just picking up in these years and therefore this study would at best describe the phase of evolution of futures market in India. The study aims to find out whether cost of carry and the change in change in cost of carry in a stock futures contract and index contract have any effect on the change in the prices of the contract.

- Relationship between cash and futures markets
- Relationship between cash and futures markets
- Futures Basis

Since the cost of carry equation is a proven theory and has been the cornerstone of all the research on futures contracts and derivatives in general it is not an attempt to prove or disprove a theory.

This is attempt to find out how much truth is there in the market perception that futures prices behave according to the behaviour of the cost of carry. The futures Price data collected from the NSE website www. Data for each stock was contained in a contract-wise file making it up to 48 files per stock.

These 48 files were further pruned to one month or near month contract data and then merged into a single data set containing the one month or near month contract price data for the period of 28 June to 29 June The spot prices for all the stocks for the period from 28 June to 29 june were downloaded from the NSE website and placed alongside the futures data for the purpose of consolidation.

Thus each data set had the following fields: The population parameter is denoted by the Greek letter rho and the sample statistic is denoted by the roman letter r and is given by the equation 1.

Ft is the closing futures price of the day.

Ft-1 is the closing futures price of the previous day. We determine change in Futures Price y as given by equation 5. For each of the stocks we have x as change in Cost of Carry and y as change in Futures price We determine coefficient of correlation r using equation 3. A T-test to confirm our observations also yields the same results that the correlation between eh change in futures price and the change in cost of carry is near ZERO.

This leads us to the conclusion that the change in futures price cannot be explained by the change in cost of carry at all. This also means that popular conception that futures prices vary with the change in cost of carry is not true. The chart below describes the distribution of correlation.

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This leads us to conclude that the variables are not related to each other and they are independent of each other. There is a strong and positive correlation between the change in futures price and the change in cost of carry in single stock futures. The hypothesis is rejected as the correlation coefficient hovers around ZERO.