Relationship between eating disorders and mental health

Eating Disorders | Mental Health America

relationship between eating disorders and mental health

Having an eating disorder, according to Lynn Grefe, president and CEO of the National Eating Disorders Association, is “like being born with a gun and life pulls . What is the association between eating disorders, like bulimia and anorexia, and substance abuse? Learn about common factors, prevalence, and treatmen. “Based on genetic and neuroimaging studies, eating disorders appear to have a in other serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and association committed to leadership in eating disorders research, education.

If you are concerned that you or someone you know might have an eating disorder, it is helpful to know how to identify some of the more common signs of distress — or a decreased quality of life.

6 Types of Eating Disorders

You can be mal-nourished due to bad eating habits at any weight! Our brain functioning is impacted and shows signs of problems when we struggle with an eating disorder. Our thoughts affect our behaviors. We can train our brains sometimes without even realizing that we did!

For example, if I continually believe that I look more beautiful after having my morning coffee, morning coffee then becomes a trigger stimulus for me to feel beautiful. I trained my brain to believe that coffee makes me beautiful. If only we could increase our mental health quality with just coffee!

We would probably all being doing fantastic. The same is true with behaviors and thoughts that someone would have in the course of an eating disorder.

People with first degree relatives, siblings or parents, with an eating disorder appear to be more at risk of developing an eating disorder, too. This suggests a genetic link.

Evidence that the brain chemical, serotonin, is involved also points a contributing genetic and biological factors.

relationship between eating disorders and mental health

Popular culture and media images often tie being thin to popularity, success, beauty and happiness. This creates a strong desire to very thin. With young people, this can be a very powerful force. A history of physical or sexual abuse can also contribute to some people developing an eating disorder.

Eating disorders affect all types of people. However there are certain risk factors that put some people at greater risk for developing an eating disorder. Eating disorders are much more common during teens and early 20s. Having a parent or sibling with an eating disorder increases the risk. Dieting taken too far can become an eating disorder. Times of change like going to college, starting a new job, or getting divorced may be a stressor towards developing an eating disorder.

Eating Disorders | NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness

Eating disorders are especially common among gymnasts, runners, wrestlers and dancers. Diagnosis A person with an eating disorder will have the best recovery outcome if they receive an early diagnosis. If an eating disorder is believed to an issue, a doctor will usually perform a physical examination, conduct an interview and order lab tests. These will help form the diagnosis and check for related medical issues and complications.

In addition, a mental health professional will conduct a psychological evaluation. What causes eating disorders? As with most mental illnesses, eating disorders are not caused by just one factor but by a combination of sociocultural, psychological and biological factors. Pressures to be thin i. Eating disorders may occur with a wide range of other mental health conditions.

Common co-occurring conditions include anxiety disorders including generalized anxiety, social anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorderdepression and other mood disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders. When treating an eating disorder, it's important to also address any co-occurring conditions. What are the long-term effects of eating disorders? Eating disorders can impact relationships wtih family members, friends and coworkers, as well as functioning in academic settings and the workplace.

The Connection Between Eating Disorders & Mental Illness

The health consequences of eating disorders-- including heart disease, osteoperosis, and tooth decay-- can have long-lasting negative effects.

Aside from the medical complications associated with eating disorders, they carry a significantly elevated mortality rate.

relationship between eating disorders and mental health

In one study, people with anorexia nervosa had a six-fold increase in mortality compared to the general population. Importantly, the authors found an increased rate of death from 'natural' causes, such as cancer. A second study found that the elevated mortality risks for bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified now recognized as OSFED, other specified feeding or eating disorder were similar to those for anorexia nervosa. What treatments are available?

Eating disorders are treatable, and earlier diagnosis and intervention often leads to better outcomes. The most effective and long-lasting treatment for an eating disorder is some form of psychotherapy or counseling, coupled with careful attention to medical and nutritional needs.

Ideally, whatever treatment is offered should be tailored to the individual; this will vary according to both the severity of the disorder and the patient's individual problems, needs and strengths.

Treatment must address the eating disorder symptoms and medical consequences, as well as psychological, biological, interpersonal and cultural forces that contribute to or maintain the eating disorder.