Exploring the Relationship between Characters and Setting - SAS
tation of theme and mood; integral setting can also serve as a setting exerts on characters, plot, mood, and .. The relationship between setting and plot. The setting is important to the theme because some settings are better fitted to The society in which a narrative is set shapes the mentality of the characters. You have probably learned the definition of setting in literature, but do you know Analyzing Theme Development in a Text: Characters, Setting & Plot . However, if the author is focusing on the theme of friendship among.
Southwest, pioneer times How did the new setting of the story change the characters? The characters wear different clothes. Point out that the changes are in the physical characteristics of the characters. Examples include appearance, style of clothes, and manner of speech. Examples are provided in the Materials list, or you may substitute others of your choice. A source is listed in Related Resources at the end of this lesson. Have students complete the worksheet individually and then discuss their answers with their group.
Encourage students to make necessary changes to their work. For students who need additional opportunities for learning, use an original story that students choose. Help them identify the characters and the setting. Have them make a list of the physical characteristics of the characters. Then have students plan a new setting for the story. Help them analyze how that setting would change the physical characteristics of the characters.
For students who are ready to go beyond the standard, ask them to choose a familiar story, set the story in a different place and time, think about how that would change the characters, and rewrite the story. In Charlottes' Web,Templeton after Wilbur asks him to play, frolic or have fun. I never do those things if I can avoid them I prefer to spend my time eating, gnawing, spying, and hiding I am a glutton not a merry-maker. Right now I am on my way to your trough to eat your breakfast, since you haven't got sense enough to eat it yourself" Appearance: In Charlottes' Web ,Templeton after his night at the fair returns swollen to double his usual size.
He agrees to fetch the egg sac so that he may eat first every day and grow fatter and bigger than any other known rat. Other characters' comments help form judgment of the characters by supporting other characters' actions speech, appearance, and author's comments.
The wording the author uses in the narrative adds to characterization. In Charlottes' Web, White describes Templeton He would kill a gosling if he could get away with it. These statements certainly develop character. Unity of character and action: If the character changes then the change must be shaped by events which the author is obligated to explain how they impacted to create the character's change. Stories with main character change: They have a variety of traits that make them believable.
Central characters are well developed in good literature. Meg, Claudia, Duck, Wilbur, and Jess are the central character, or protagonist hero or heroine.
Flat characters are less well developed and have fewer or limited traits or belong to a group, class, or stereotype.
Fern in Charlotte's Web. A character foil are minor characters whose traits contrast with a main character. The lamb is young and naive as Wilbur, but she is smug instead of humble. Anthropomorphic characterization is the characterization of animals, inanimate objects, or natural phenomena as people.
Skilled authors can use this to create fantasy even from stuffed toys Winnie-the-Pooh. The characterizing of inanimate objects from tiny soldiers to trees and so on is represented in Andersen's works and the ballet The Nutcracker. Animal characters in realism are best when the animals act only like animals as in The Incredible Journey.
Character Change Dynamic characters are rounded characters that change. Wilbur as the panicky child. Is it true they are going to kill me when the cold weather comes? She cannot accompany us home, because of her condition. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary that I take her egg sac with me.
I can't reach it, and I can't climb.
You are the only one that can get it. There's not a second to be lost Please, please, please, Templeton, climb up and get the egg sac. This desperate plea does not come from personal need. Further, he tells Templeton to "stop acting like a spoiled child. Static stock characters are round or flat characters that do not change during the story. Charlotte is the same wise and selfless character at the end of the story as at the beginning. Folktales, fairytales, and other types use static and flat characters whose actions are predictable, so the listener or reader is free to concentrate on the action and theme as it moves along toward an often times universal discovery.
Plot Plot is the order in which things move and happen in a story. Chronological order is when a story relates events in the order in which they happened.
Flashback is when the story moves back in time. Dreams are easier for children to understand because of their experience with them. Flashbacks are more problematic.
Conflicts occur when the protagonist struggles against an antagonist villain that goes against the protagonistor opposing force.Robot in a Kitchen - Developing Plot, Character and Set Exercise
Conflict and order make plot. The author creates the conflict by describing one of the following types of interactions. Tom Sawyer's fear of Injun Joe and guilt, can't sleep, fear of talking in sleep, ties mouth shut, struggle with moral responsibility even in the face of danger.
A Wizard of Earthsea, Ursula K. Ged struggles against the flaws in himself, as the shadow, must make himself whole. He will now live his life for its own sake, not for hatred, pain, ruin, or the darkness of evil. Child will probably call it "will Wilbur live? Julie in Julie of the Wolves by Jean George. A story that lacks struggle, lacks suspense, lacks alternatives, lacks a sense that it had to happen, and therefore, satisfaction.
All the reader can say at the conclusion of such a story is "So what does that prove? A Wrinkle in Time shows Meg in a powerful planet saving person-against-person conflict. The author builds the plot, character, Double Fudge by Judy Blume has a different sense of conflict. There are little incidents that happen throughout the book but nothing of significance to anyone but Fudge and maybe some family members. However the reader's attention is maintained by an attachment to Fudge and his struggle with childhood.
Pattern of action Rising action builds during the story and reaches a peak at the end. The Borrowers by Mary Norton. Steady action maintains the same amount of action through out the story, rising and falling from time to time. Rise and fall action: Suspense is what makes us read on. Will Charlotte run out of words? Is Templeton too selfish to help?
Will Wilbur win at the fair? Foreshadowing is the planting of clues to indicate the outcome of the story. Not all readers will be alert to these. Some may notice them subconsciously and describe their inferences as guesses or feelings. When we first meet Charlotte we are told that she eats living things and the friendship looks questionable.
Connections between setting and character • SHAULA EVANS
But White adds that "she had a kind heart, and she was to prove loyal and true to the very end. Another clue is when Charlotte assures Wilbur, after he learns of the slaughter, with, "I am going to save you. Achieved at the expense of the character and the idea. A writer must be careful with sensationalism, so as not to weaken the character or theme, to balance suspense over action, and then hint at the outcome, as not to overpower small children but provide relief as needed. The peak and turning point of the conflict, the point at which we know the outcome of the action.
Children call it the most exciting part. In Charlotte's Web when the pig survives. The Borrowers when the boy ventilates the fumigation. Resolution is the falling action after the climax. When the reader is assured that all is well and will continue to be, so the plot has a closed ending. If the reader is left to draw their own conclusions about the final plot then the ending is open.
Many adults as well as children are disturbed by open endings. Inevitably is the property of it had to be. This is high praise for a writer. The Incredible Journey has some coincidental events that remove credibility from the plot. First, a handwritten note blows into the fire and leaves the housekeeper baffled. She therefore does not know that the two dogs and cat have struck out on their own, and does not search for them. Later a crumbling beavers' dam gives way at just the right moment to sweep the frightened cat downstream.
Later a boy hunting for the first time with his own rifle saves the cat from a lynx with one remarkable shot. Sentimentality is a natural concern or emotion for another person. The way a soap opera or a tear-jerker plays on its viewers. Black Beauty by Anna Sewell is told by the horse and stuffed with sentimentality. The head hung out of the cart-tail, the lifeless tongue was slowly dropping with blood; and the sunken eyes.
Connections between setting and character
But I can't speak of them, the sight was too dreadful. It was a chestnut horse with a long, thin neck I believe it was Ginger; I hoped it was, for then her troubles would be over.
If men were more merciful they should shoot us before we came to such misery. The rapid pace of folktales does not allow time for tears by false sentiment. We do not anguish over the fate of Rumpelstiltskin, when he stamped his feet and split in two and that was the end of him.
The most destructive element from the over use of sentimentality is not boredom, but the fact that the young reader, faced with continual sentimentality, will not develop the sensitivity essential to recognize what is truly moving and what is merely a play on feelings. If, after all, we regard the death of a pet mouse with the same degree of emotional intensity as the death of a brother, we have no sense of emotional proportion.
By contrast Katherine Paterson in Bridge to Terabithia uses a wide range of emotions that children wrestle with or the genuine sentiment that a small child, reading or being read to, experiences during the relationship with Charlotte and Wilbur.
The child fed only on such surface sentimentality as soap operas, the average television program, and Walt Disney, with their sterile and stereotyped pictures of human beings and their distorted sensationalism with simplistic solutions, risks developing emotional shallowness.
Types of plots Progressive plots have a central climax followed by denouement. Charlotte's Web and A Wrinkle in Time are examples. Episodical plots have one incident or short episode linked to another by a common character or unifying theme maybe through chapters. Used by authors to explore character personalities, the nature of their existence, and the flavor of a certain time period. Setting Setting includes time and place. Backdrop setting is when the setting is unimportant for the story and the story could take place in any setting.
Milne is an example of a story in which could happen in any setting. Integral setting is when the action, character, or theme are influenced by the time and place, setting. Controlling setting controls characters. If you confine a character to a certain setting it defines the character. Characters, given these circumstances, in this time and place, behave in this way. The Tail of Peter Rabbit is an example of how the setting is an integral part of Peter's behavior.
Charlotte's Web is another example of an integral setting. The tasks of a typical day performed by Kit: A frightening and uncompromising environment compared to her carefree Barbados upbringing.
Characters must resolve conflict created by the setting: Setting that illuminates character: The confining setting of the attic in Anne Frank and Flowers in the Attic help the characters find themselves and grow as individuals.
Children will understand only obvious symbols. A grouping of symbols may create an image called an allegory. The Narnia books by C. In The Witch of Blackbird Pond, Speare uses symbols in the usual way and to create conflict, as when she describes Hannah as a kind and harmless woman who lives in the sunny meadows. When you would expect a witch to live in the deep dark shadowy forest or swamp. Theme Theme is the main idea that weaves the story together, the why, the underlying ideas of what happens in the piece of literature, often a statement about society or human nature.
Explicit theme is when the writer states the theme openly and clearly. Primary explicit themes are common in children's literature, as the author wants to be sure the reader finds it. Implicit themes are implied themes. If two such unlikely animals as a spider and pig can be friends, then so can we. Even a Tempelton can be a friend to a degree. Friendship is giving of ones self, as Wilbur did for the egg sac and devotion to the babies.
Best friends can do no wrong. Multiple and secondary themes: Since a story speaks to us on our own individual level of varying experiences, many individual themes will be obtained from a good piece of literature. Charlotte's Web secondary themes could include: People don't give credit where credit is due, Youth and innocence have a unique value, Be what you are, There is beauty in all things, Nature is a miracle, Life is continuous.
Children may not be able to express themes but they are beginning to build an understanding of them, which they need before they can express them.