poverty and crime level, two-way causation between corruption and crime level, and .. between unemployment and crime in post war United. In a study, Weinberg and his colleagues found that there was a relationship among unemployment rates, wages, and violent crime—but. This column examines the effect of job displacement on crime using 15 if any, of this aggregate relationship between unemployment and crime . We find that greater inequality and poverty amplify the impact of job in the United States: –”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 84(1): 45–
If someone stays out of employment for a long time chances of getting employment are minimized, and they think of crime as a last resort Weatherburn, 1. Statistics shows that between andthe rates of criminal activities declined almost at the same rate as the rate of unemployment declined. The link in crime and unemployment rates shows that when people have a legal source of income, they do not commit criminal activities.
Unemployment results more in property crime than violent crime as research results show that most people who commit property crimes are unemployed. Crimes such as murder and rape are weakly connected to unemployment, but can be related to other psychological problems such as alcohol and drug abuse. When there is a minimal decrease in unemployment rates, the rate of property crimes falls significantly. This study has been conducted in different states, and the results have been stable.
In the case of rape and murder crimes, the study shows that when more people who are likely to be victims of crime are at work, the rate of these crimes decreases. Therefore, female employment helps decrease the rate of crime in the society.
Relationship between unemployment and crime
This is because most rape victims are usually women and the offenders are men. In another study, men who lack college training are paid low wages, this makes them despair and turn to criminal activities. Between the year andcrime increased significantly, at the same time, there was a steady increase in unemployment and reduction of wages among young men.
Therefore, employment directly affects the rate of crime and should not be ignored. When people earn low wages, they are likely to resolve to property crime such as burglary because they will earn money even if it is illegitimate.
Assault and robbery are also related to the high rates of unemployment because money is the main motivator. Poverty and lack of financial resources escalate crime. When the rate of wages goes down, the rate of crime automatically rises, thus, economic status has a direct impact on crime. Most research studies have concluded that crime is closely linked to the decrease in wages. In tothe rate of crime decreased as a result of increase in wages of the low-skilled employees.
Crime rates increase steadily in society, and the rate of crime is connected to unemployment and low wages. However, not all criminal activities can be directly linked to crime. For example, murder and rape cannot be directly linked directly to unemployment but to other social and psychological issues.
To control the rate of crime in society, the government and other stakeholders should initiate measures to deal with the issues that activate the rate of crime.
For example, politicians should not focus on methods of fighting crime such as punishment and incarceration. These are short term solutions to a continuous problem; instead, we should focus on finding long term solution to these issues Weatherbun, 1. Since the research studies have indicated that unemployment causes a certain percentage of crime, then the problem of unemployment has to be resolved.
The government has a major role in controlling the rate of unemployment among the youth. Trained young men should be actively engaged in income generating projects which will occupy them and, at the same time, provide a source of income.
Job opportunities can be created for both the skilled and un-skilled in the society to prevent the high number of young men who can easily get involved in crime.
The wages paid to the young employees should be attractive so that they do not get tempted to join illegal activities such as selling dangerous drugs. To eliminate unemployment issues, the government should focus on economic growth. Once the economy grows at a significantly high rate, it corresponds directly in increasing jobs. The government should also consider changing the National Labour Act so as to control companies from paying low wages and unemployment.
The methods used in advertising vacancies should be regulated. But despite economic and other hardships this young generation appears not to have been pushed into crime. Those aged 16 to 24 experienced the highest unemployment rates and the highest increase in unemployment. More than one in five of those able to work did not have a job in And almost a third of to year olds lived in poverty, compared with one in five to year-olds. The same young group is significantly more likely than older groups to be stopped and searched by the police.
Is there a link between youth poverty and crime? The answers may surprise you
And they are the most frequent victims of violence and sexual violence. Young people, poverty and crime But the report offers no data to suggest that they are also committing more crimes. Not only does the report find no evidence of this: According to the Youth Justice Board, the number of those aged up to years-old who were sentenced almost halved from over 90, to less than 50,step-by-step, year-by-year, over exactly the same period covered in the EHRC report.
Understanding the relationship between being without work or living in poverty and crime has been the focus of a century of research.
The economic causes of crime thesis is strongly contestedand the extremes of poverty and unemployment in the EHRC report are a powerful empirical stress test of its credibility. If either extreme were prone to triggering crime, it would have done so over this period.
Not only did this not occur: To supporters of the thesis and some agnostics this is a paradox. More unemployment and poverty coincided with less crime. Can we believe the data?