### Understanding Radiation: Becquerels and Sieverts | Tsukuba Science

Is it possible to go from dose in sieverts (Sv) to activity in becquerels (Bq) to use exact expressions for the relationship between activity and dose or The information provided is not a substitute for professional advice and. For the record, one rem is equivalent to one-hundredth of a sievert. rate of emission in curies(customary system units) or becquerels(SI units). The SI unit () is the becquerel (Bq), which represents one disintegration per The relationship between the sievert-gray and the rem-rad are: 1 sievert = 1.

For many of us, all this talk of half lives and microSieverts can be a little confusing. In order to understand what we are being told in the news, we need to know a little about nuclear physics.

The units we hear most often in the news at the moment are becquerels and sieverts. Radiation can damage our bodies by breaking the chemical bonds in our cells. The amount of damage done depends on how much radiation we are exposed to.

This in turn depends on how much radioactive material is present in our environment, our food and so on.

## Explained: rad, rem, sieverts, becquerels

So it is important to have some way to talk about amounts of radiation. This is what the unit becquerel is for. A measurement in becquerels tells us something about how much radiation, and therefore how much radioactive material, is present in a given sample. It is a measure of radioactive decay, which is not the same as a simple count of radiation particles or photons, since some isotopes emit a combination of alpha, beta and gamma radiation as they decay see Radiation Types.

### Explained: rad, rem, sieverts, becquerels | MIT News

One becquerel is defined as the decay of one atom of a radioisotope per second. So if a radiation detector for example, a Geiger counter detects the radiation of one decay coming from a sample in one second, then that sample would be said to contain one becquerel of radiation.

A sample emitting radiation from one hundred decays per second would be said to have a radioactivity of becquerels.

Incidentally Exposed Workers and Members of the Public 1 Notes Footnote a These limits are exclusive of natural background and medical exposures. Refer to Appendix D for guidance on dose limit calculations. Return to footnote a referrer Footnote b For the balance of a known pregnancy, the effective dose to an occupationally exposed worker must be limited to 4 mSv as stipulated in the "Radiation Protection Regulations", Canadian Nuclear Safety Act.

This limit may differ from corresponding dose limits specified in current provincial legislation applicable for exposure to sources of x-rays.

• Conversion Table
• Understanding Radiation: Becquerels and Sieverts

Return to footnote c referrer Occupationally Exposed Workers are employees who are exposed to NORM sources of radiation as a result of their regular duties. They are classified as NORM Workers working in an occupational exposure environment, and their average annual effective dose should not exceed 20 mSv see Table 2.

They are considered as members of the public who work in an occupational exposure environment and, as such, the annual effective dose limit for these workers is 1 mSv.

The annual effective dose limit for members of the public is 1 mSv.

For the control of public exposure an appropriate value for the dose constraint is 0. The dose constraint would allow for exposures from other sources without the annual limit being exceeded. The retrospective finding that a dose constraint, as opposed to a dose limit, has been exceeded does not imply a failure to comply with the recommendations of the guidelines.

Rather it should call for a reassessment of the effectiveness of the program. ICRP Footnote 17 suggests that for the control of public exposure an appropriate value for the dose constraint is 0.

The worksite classification is set by the maximum annual dose received by both members of the public and workers at the worksite Figure 3. The classification of an individual NORM source is set by the annual dose that may be received by a member of the public from exposure to the shipment or disposal practice. Estimates should be made of the effective dose to workers and the public resulting from the following exposure pathways: Inhalation of NORM-containing dust. Inhalation of radon gas and its radioactive decay products.

Guidance on effective dose calculations can be found in Appendix D.

## Canadian Guidelines for the Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM)

It is strongly recommended that a person knowledgeable in radiation protection conduct the worksite radiological evaluation. A list of radiation protection consultants can be obtained from the appropriate provincial or territorial government contact.

A list of government contacts can be found in Appendix B.

How many millisieverts are in a Sievert

Where doses to workers or members of the public may exceed this value, a site-specific assessment should be carried out. A dose assessment should be carried out. The survey should include evaluations of both gamma dose-rates and airborne radioactivity as required.