Understanding Scrooge: Charity and Anxiety in Antebellum America - The Ultimate History Project
Crafted on the heels of Dickens' first American tour, it is infused with issues that their familial relationships, rather than Scrooge and Cratchit's own relationship of Scrooge is mentioned only briefly when Bob Cratchit forces a toast to his. Cratchit is just thankful for what he can get but scrooge doesnt care about anyone but himself and is not affected by anyone else's problems. and find homework help for other A Christmas Carol questions at eNotes. How does Scrooge's attitude towards Bob Cratchit and their relationship change at.
Fezziwig that stand out—in part because this is the scene Dickens chose to have illustrated by John Leech in the original publication.
In fact, the warehouse where Scrooge worked is transformed into the center of a domestic occasion: Dickens was describing and illustrating a past where work and home largely collapsed into an indistinguishable singularity. The distinctions between employee and patriarch were equally vague; however, by the s, there absolutely was such a separation in industrialized society.
Scrooge Defended | Mises Institute
Scrooge and Cratchit did not share a space that could morph into anything other than the counting house it was. This change was hugely disorienting, and it created situations without tradition to fall back upon, hence the need for advice and moral guidance. As if to ensure we do not miss the point, Dickens repeatedly discusses food in this section, further evidence of his preoccupation with the domestic and familial realm of this visit. Scrooge is mentioned only briefly when Bob Cratchit forces a toast to his employer: After it had passed away, they were ten times merrier than before, from the mere relief of Scrooge the Baleful being done with.
Scrooge confronted by a ghostly visitor in a film of A Christmas Carol. This preoccupation with absence, and with fathers and children being rejoined in their natural hierarchy at Christmas, was not an idle storyline. Dickens and other European visitors like Alexis de Tocqueville commented on the frequency of familial disruption in America, particularly patterns of separation between parents and their children. Just as the older social system between employee and employer had given way to something new, so too had the traditional familial home where generations could congregate.
Rising in popularity along with A Christmas Carol were Currier and Ives prints, which traded on nostalgic reconstructions of family gatherings in mythologized rural homesteads.
It is under the tutelage of the Ghost of Christmas Present that Scrooge begins to recognize his obligations to family—a directive to make time and spend resources in order to create an idealized Christmas gathering in which far-flung families are reunited.
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His obligations to his employee can come later…it is his obligations to family that must be met on Christmas day itself. In other words, the two ghosts essentially perform a handoff, with Present setting up the topic of obligations to the poor, but Future left in charge of executing the remaining visits.
Or is it that Scrooge has so much more than Cratchit that the golden rule does not come into play?Scrooge (1935) [Drama] [Fantasy] [Christmas]
But Scrooge doesn't think he has that much, and shouldn't he have a say in the matter? Scrooge's first employer, good old Fezziwig, was a lot freer with a guinea—he throws his employees a Christmas party. What the Ghost of Christmas Past does not explain is how Fezziwig afforded it. Did he attempt to pass the added costs to his customers? Or did young Scrooge pay for it anyway by working for marginally lower wages? The biggest of the Big Lies about Scrooge is the pointlessness of his pursuit of money.
He doesn't do any good with it," opines ruddy nephew Fred. Wrong on both counts. Scrooge apparently lends money, and to discover the good he does one need only inquire of the borrowers.
Here is a homeowner with a new roof, and there a merchant able to finance a shipment of tea, bringing profit to himself and happiness to tea drinkers, all thanks to Scrooge. Dickens doesn't mention Scrooge's satisfied customers, but there must have been plenty of them for Scrooge to have gotten so rich.
Scrooge is said to hound debtors so relentlessly that—as the Ghost of Christmas Yet To Be is able to show him—an indebted couple rejoices at his demise. The mere delay while their debt is transferred will avert the ruin Scrooge would have imposed. This canard is triply absurd. First, a businessman as keen as Scrooge would prefer to delay payment to protect his investment rather than take possession of possibly useless collateral.
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No bank wants developers to fail and leave it the proud possessor of a half-built shopping mall. Second, the fretful couple knew and agreed to the terms on which Scrooge insisted. By reneging on the deal, they are effectively engaged in theft. Third, most important, and completely overlooked by Ghost and by Dickens, there are hopefuls whose own plans turn on borrowing the money returned to Scrooge from his old accounts.
Scrooge can't relend what Caroline and her unnamed husband don't pay up, and he won't make a penny unless he puts the money to use after he gets it back.
The hard case, of course, is a payment due from Bob Cratchit, who needs the money for an emergency operation on Tiny Tim. Here I depart from the text, but Dickens characters are so familiar to us they can be pressed into unfamiliar roles.
If you think it is heartless of Scrooge to demand payment, think of Sickly Sid, who needs an operation even more urgently than Tim does, and whose father is waiting to finance that operation by borrowing the money Cratchit is expected to pay up.
Is Tim's life more valuable than Sid's just because we've met him? And how do we explain to Sid's father that his son won't be able to have the operation after all, because Scrooge, as Christmas generosity, is allowing Cratchit to reschedule his debt? Scrooge does not circulate money from altruism, to be sure, but his motives, whatever they are, are congruent with the public good.
But what about those motives? Scrooge doesn't seem to get much satisfaction from the services he may inadvertently perform, and that seems to be part of Dickens's point. But who, apart from Dickens, says that Scrooge is not enjoying himself?