linux - Error while installing Samba on Debian - Server Fault
An active nmbd daemon also responds to browsing protocol requests used .. Adds an account for the trust relationship with the specified Windows NT domain. The program will fail if smbd is not operating, if the hosts allow or hosts deny . nmbd. This daemon handles Samba's NetBIOS name registration, implements a . Figure illustrates the relationship between CIFS, hosts on a network, and core Figure illustrates a (failed) name registration, with and without WINS. relax-sakura.infoe - Samba NMB Daemon Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/ relax-sakura.infoe; enabled; vendor preset: disabled) Active: failed.
This option allows you to keep all your logins and passwords on the Linux system, while all your Windows boxes authenticate with Samba. You can create scripts for maintaining logins and passwords. This can be done using a cross-platform scripting language like Python. The Samba Server is composed of several components and daemons.
The smbd daemon handles the actual sharing of files and printers. It is also responsible for user authentication and resource-locking issues. This daemon uses port or port to listen for requests. It uses port to listen for requests and handles requests from master browsers, domain browsers, and WINS servers like when you open My Network Places in Windows.
For Red Hat-based distros, you can install them like this: This package provides an SMB server: It also provides files necessary for both the server and client: For Debian-based distros, you can install them like this: So, we will share a folder named myfolder: The second line is the path to the folder that will be shared. The third line means that the share will available to everyone. The fourth line means that you cannot create or modify the stored files on the shared folder.
Now, restart the SMB service: You can use this utility to connect to other Samba servers or even to actual Microsoft Windows servers. An election can be forced at any time. As the server comes online, it announces its presence, and an election takes place to see whether the PC in the spare parts department should still be the master browser.
when i try to start samba pdc's smb service nmbd failed to start .
When an election is performed, each computer broadcasts information about itself via datagrams. This information includes the following: The version of the election protocol used The operating system on the computer The amount of time the client has been on the network The name of the client These values determine which operating system has seniority and will fulfill the role of the local master browser. Chapter 8 describes the election process in more detail. The architecture developed to achieve this is inelegant, and has no built-in security to prevent rogue machines from taking over.
Thus it is possible for any computer running a browser service to register itself as participating in the browsing election and after winning being able to change the browse list. Nevertheless, browsing is a key feature in many Windows networks, and backward-compatibility requirements will ensure that it is in use for years to come. Peer-to-Peer Versus Domains Peer-to-peer networks not to be confused with P2P file sharing were originally designed to allow users to share resources from their desktop computer with other users across a network.
Network browsing was also originally designed to support this type of ad hoc networking in which no central management of disks or printers was needed. Users could turn their PCs on or off at will without fear of disrupting other users or network services except those people who were accessing files or printers on the now-offline host.
When a request to access a file share or printer was received, the local computer was responsible for handling the authentication request as part of the connection process.
Both solutions faced a scalability issue. The peer-to-peer networking model of local authentication functions fairly well, as long as the number of computers on the network is small and there is a close-knit community of users. However, in larger networks, the simplicity of workgroups becomes a limiting factor.
To support the needs of larger networks, such as those found in departmental computing environments, Microsoft introduced domains with Windows NT 3. A simple Windows domain A domain controller in a Windows domain performs a role similar to a Network Information Service NIS server or LDAP directory service in a Unix network, maintaining a domain-wide database of user and group information, as well as performing related services.
The responsibilities of a domain controller are mainly related to security, including verifying user credentials authentication and granting or denying a user access to the resources of the domain authorization. These tasks are typically done through the use of a username and password.
Security identifiers are used to represent objects in the domain, which include but are not limited to users, groups, and computers.
The number after the rightmost hyphen is called a relative identifier RID and is a unique number within the domain that identifies the user, group, computer, or other object. However, the downside of this setup is that if the domain controller is unavailable, servers can no longer authenticate user requests. BDCs frequently synchronize their SAM data with the PDC so that if the need arises, any one of them can immediately begin performing domain-controller services without affecting the clients.
In AD domains, all domain controllers DCs are considered equal. Changes on one domain controller are propagated to other DCs via a multimaster replication protocol.
Domain trust relationships allow clients within one domain to access the resources within another without having to possess a separate account in the second domain.
This DC then contacts a DC in the first trusted domain to check whether the user is valid before instructing the server to grant access to the resource.
How to Use the Linux Samba Server
Samba can even particpate in trust relationships with other domains. This rule may change in a future release. Make sure to check the Samba web site for the latest release and updates. A domain member server does not authenticate users logging on to the domain, but still handles security functions such as file permissions for domain users accessing its resources.
Thus, it is possible to have a Samba server support domain logons for a network of Windows clients, including the most recent releases from Microsoft. This setup can result in a very stable, high-performance, and more secure network; it also provides the benefit of not having to purchase per-seat Windows Client Acccess Licenses CALs from Microsoft.
The current release also supports migration of user and group information from a Windows NT 4. Local Nested Groups Windows has always supported the concept of adding groups as members of other groups. Current Samba releases also support this capability, by using Winbind to define a group that is local to the server and can contain Windows domain groups. Upon receiving a request for the list of users in the local group, Winbind expands the membership of any nested domain groups that it contains.SMBLoris vs. Debian Linux Samba
This feature can be useful, such as when you want to set the group ownership of a file that must be accessible by multiple domain groups. You define on the Samba host a local group that contains all of the appropriate domain groups.
Of course, it is possible to perform an equivalent function if the filesystem supports access control lists. However, local groups have the advantage of requiring you to deal with only one group instead of many. Unicode and Internationalization Unicode is the pervasive means of representing non-English character sets on Windows NT-based computers. The UCS2 encoding represents each character using 16 bits, providing more than enough combinations to handle more languages that any of us have to manage on our network.
Building Samba to include Unicode support is covered in Chapter 2. User and Group Account Storage Plug-in Modules Libraries knows as passdb modules allow an administrator to choose the persistent storage backend for user and group information. Prior versions of Samba supported this feature in a limited fashion and required the storage interface—for example, a flat text file smbpasswd or an LDAP directory service—to be defined at compile time.
This approach allows for easy migration from one storage format to another and to have one Samba package that supports the needs of multiple installations.